Table 2

Australian football players’ preferred sources of concussion information (listed in terms of decreasing importance)*

PreferencesOrganisation or professionals who should be responsible for disseminating concussion information and resources of the preferred types
Coaches/sports trainers†Medical doctors‡Clubs/associationsLead sport body§Peak sports medicine agency¶
Clubs/coaches and trainers/league officials
Seminars/information sessions at the start of season involving all players/teams/clubs
Posters displayed in club rooms, change rooms, etc.
Players who have previously been concussed to share their experiences
Doctors/hospitals (interestingly, they also doubt the expertise of most medical practitioners in relation to concussion7)
Hardcopy documents
Mass/social media
  • *Information obtained during three focus groups as reported in White et al.6

  • †In Australia, sports trainers are trained volunteers providing sports first aid and initial injury assessment at the sports sideline.

  • ‡In community sport, it is unusual to have a sports doctor attached to sports teams so this would be a doctor with generalist medical qualifications only. In the US sporting system, this role may be filled by certified athletic trainers.

  • §In our work, this would be the Australian Football League. International equivalents would be FIFA, World Rugby Union, etc.

  • ¶In Australia, this would be Sports Medicine Australia. International equivalents are the American College of Sports Medicine, British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine, South African Sports Medicine Association, etc.