Table 1

Characteristics of selected articles (n=23)

CharacteristicsStudies (n)References
Country
  Australia546 51 54 55 58
  Canada263 65
  China166
  Germany328 45 64
  UK247 59
  USA1027 38–42 50 60–62
Studies with single/multiple publications
  RESIDential Environment Project546 51 54 55 58
  A retrospective longitudinal study conducted in Northern California, USA440–42 50
  Single publication from a study1427 28 38 39 45–47 59–63 65 66
Study design
  Prospective longitudinal1527 28 38 39 45 46 51 54 55 58–63
  Retrospective longitudinal840–42 47 50 62 64–66
Neighbourhood environment measures
  Objective1127 38 39 59–66
  Perceived328 45 47
  Both940–42 46 50 51 54 55 58
Physical activity measures
  Objective139
  Reported2227 28 38 40–42 45–47 50 51 54 55 58–66 78
Accounted for self-selection
  Yes1327 39–42 46 47 50 51 55 58 64 65
  Not mentioned828 38 45 54 60–63