Table 1

Comparative effectiveness results for pain outcome analyses, for each of (A) short-term outcomes, (B) medium-term outcomes and (C) long-term outcomes

A
Placebo 0.53 (−0.77 to 1.83)0.51 (−0.83 to 1.86)0.39 (−1.36 to 2.13)0.59 (−0.18 to 1.35)
−0.92(-0.78 to 2.62) Steroid Inj
+Exe
−1.20 (−2.26 to −0.14)
0.91 (0.14 to 1.68) −0.01 (−1.73 to 1.70) Steroid Inj −0.67(−2.56 to 1.22)2.60 (−4.39 to −0.81) 1.94 (−3.80 to −0.08) −0.29 (−1.23 to 0.65)
0.56 (−0.40 to 1.52)−0.36 (−2.26 to 1.55)−0.35 (−1.40 to 0.70) Orthoses −0.01 (−1.83 to 1.80)−0.4 (−2.21 to 1.42)
−1.69 (−3.64 to 0.26)2.61 (−5.09 to -0.13) 2.6 (−4.39 to −0.81) 2.25 (−4.33 to0.18) Oral NSAID
−0.28 (−1.62 to 1.06)1.2 (−2.26 to −0.14) −1.19 (−2.54 to 0.16)−0.84 (−2.43 to 0.74)1.41 (−0.83 to 3.65) Exe
0.74 (−0.91 to 2.40)−0.18 (−2.51 to 2.16)−0.16 (−1.87 to 1.54)0.18 (−1.42 to 1.79)2.43 (−0.04 to 4.90)1.03 (−1.06 to 3.11) ESWT
+Orthoses
−0.39 (−2.20 to 1.43)
0.55 (−0.08 to 1.19)−0.37 (−2.12 to 1.39)−0.35 (−1.08 to 0.37)−0.01 (−1.00 to 0.99) 2.24 (0.31 to 4.17) 0.84 (−0.57 to 2.24)−0.19 (−1.80 to 1.42) ESWT