Table 1

Characteristics of the participants

ReferenceParticipants*Male (%)/Female (%)Age (year)BMI (kg/m2)Other population characteristics
Thomas et al 54 2938/6218–32NRHealthy, untrained but active young adults
Mäder et al 55 14100/0HIIT: 28–46
MOD: 28–46
HIIT: 25.9 (3.2)
MOD: 26.9 (3.3)
Untrained but slightly overweight
Trapp et al 24 300/10020.2 (7.7)23.2 (7.7)Healthy, untrained young
Schjerve et al 56 2722/78HIIT: 46.9 (8.2)
MOD: 44.4 (7.6)
HIIT: 36.6 (5.5)
MOD: 36.7 (5.1)
Adults with obesity
Moreira et al 57 1636/6440 (8)HIIT: 28.3 (3.7)
MOD: 27.5 (1.9)
Healthy, overweight
Wallman et al 58 1331/69HIIT: 40.9 (11.7)
MOD: 44.8 (16.8)
HIIT: 31.4 (2.6)
MOD: 30.1 (2.6)
Overweight/obese adults
Nybo et al 59 17100/0HIIT: 37.0 (8.5)
MOD: 31.0 (6.0)
NRHealthy untrained
Macpherson et al 60 2040/6024.0 (3.0)NRHealthy, recreationally active university students
Buchan et al 61 3382/18SIT: 16.7 (0.1)
MOD: 16.2 (0.1)
SIT: 21.6 (2.2)
MOD: 22.4 (3.3)
Adolescents
Buchan et al 62 3382/18SIT: 16.7 (0.1)
MOD: 16.2 (0.1)
SIT: 21.6 (2.2)
MOD: 22.4 (3.3)
Adolescents
Sijie et al 63 330/100HIIT: 19.8 (1.0)
MOD: 19.3 (0.7)
HIIT: 27.7 (1.9)
MOD: 28.3 (2.0)
Overweight/obese young
Corte de Araujo et al 64 3030/70HIIT: 10.4 (0.9)
MOD: 10.7 (0.7)
HIIT: 32.0 (3.0)
MOD: 30.0 (4.0)
Children with obesity
Eimarieskandari et al 65 140/100HIIT: 22.3 (0.9)
MOD: 21.4 (0.5)
HIIT: 29.2 (0.8)
MOD: 30.7 (2.3)
Young adults with obesity
Koubaa et al 66 29100/0HIIT: 13.0 (0.8)
MOD: 12.9 (0.5)
HIIT: 30.2 (3.6)
MOD: 30.8 (2.9)
Adolescent boys with obesity
Earnest et al 67 37100/0HIIT: 48 (9)
MOD: 49 (9)
HIIT: 30.4 (2.3)
MOD: 31.4 (3.4)
Adults
Shing et al 68§771/2919.0 (1.2)NRJunior state-level and national-level rowers
Shepherd et al 69 16100/0SIT: 22.0 (2.8)
MOD: 21.0 (2.8)
SIT: 24.8 (2.3)
MOD: 22.6 (4.5)
Healthy and inactive adults
Keating et al 70 2223/77HIIT: 41.8 (2.7)
MOD: 44.1 (1.9)
HIIT: 28.2 (0.5)
MOD: 28.5 (0.6)
Inactive, overweight adults
Lunt et al 71 4927/73HIIT: 48.2 (5.6)
MOD: 46.3 (5.4)
SIT: 50.3 (8.0)
HIIT: 32.1 (3.1)
MOD: 32.7 (3.4)
SIT: 32.4 (2.9)
Inactive, overweight/obese adults
Nalcakan72 15100/021.7 (2.2)SIT: 25.5 (2.2)
MOD: 24.5 (1.9)
Healthy and young recreationally active university students
Sasaki et al 73 24100/0NRHIIT: 24.3 (0.7)
MOD: 23.4 (0.8)
Healthy and sedentary
Mohr et al 74 420/100SIT: 44 (2)
MOD: 46 (2)
>25.0Sedentary premenopausal women with mild to moderate arterial hypertension
Cocks et al 75 16100/025.0 (2.8)34.8 (0.9)Inactive young with obesity
Cheema et al 76 1258/42HIIT: 43 (19)
MOD: 36 (15)
HIIT: 32.0 (5.9)
MOD: 30.8 (2.6)
Inactive adults with central obesity
Elmer et al 77 12100/0HIIT: 21.4 (1.1)
MOD: 21.8 (2.1)
HIIT: 24.7 (2.9)
MOD: 27.1 (4.8)
Healthy sedentary or inactive adults
Shepherd et al 78 9033/67HIIT: 42.0 (11)
MOD: 43 (11)
HIIT: 27.7 (5.0)
MOD: 27.7 (4.6)
Healthy and inactive adults
Fisher et al 79 23100/0HIIT: 20.0 (1.5)
MOD: 20.0 (1.5)
HIIT: 30.0 (3.1)
MOD: 29.0 (3.4)
Inactive, overweight/obese young men
Sim et al 80 20100/031.8 (8.0)HIIT: 27.4 (1.6)
MOD: 27.2 (1.5)
Inactive, overweight/obese adult participants
Devin et al 81 35100/0HIIT: 61.4 (11.1)
MOD: 61.5 (10.8)
HIIT: 27.1 (4.8)
MOD: 26.4 (3.4)
Colorectal cancer survivors
Zhang et al 82 240/100HIIT: 21.0 (1.0)
MOD: 20.6 (1.2)
HIIT: 25.8 (2.7)
MOD: 26.0 (1.6)
Chinese ethnicity, inactive, overweight/obese
Gillen et al 83 180/100SIT: 27 (7)
MOD: 28 (9)
SIT: 27 (5)
MOD: 26 (6)
Inactive
Martins et al 84 17†NRSIT: 33.9 (7.8)
1/2SIT: 34.1 (7.1)
MOD: 33.0 (9.9)
SIT: 33.2 (3.5)
1/2SIT: 32.4 (2.9)
MOD: 33.3 (2.4)
Inactive adults with obesity
Hwang et al 85 2941/5965 (7.1)HIIT: 28.0 (4.3)
MOD: 28.7 (3.7)
Inactive and healthy older adults
Ramos et al 86 6663/374HIIT: 56 (10)
1HIIT: 58 (7)
MOD: 57 (9)
4HIIT: NR
1HIIT: NR
MOD: NR
Adults with metabolic syndrome
Maillard et al 87 160/100HIIT: 68.2 (1.9)
MOD: 70.1 (2.4)
HIIT: 32.6 (1.7)
MOD: 29.7 (1.2)
Postmenopausal and obese (61–81 years) women with type 2 diabetes
Higgins et al 88 52100/020.4 (1.5)30.3 (4.5)Inactive, overweight/obese women
Boer and Moss89 2658/42SIT: 30.0 (7.0)
MOD: 34.2 (9.2)
SIT: 29.3 (4.0)
MOD: 30.6 (6.1)
Adults with Down syndrome
Panissa et al 90 230/100HIIT: 30.6 (15.1)
MOD: 26.1 (9.1)
HIIT: 25.9 (4.1)
MOD: 23.3 (2.3)
Inactive healthy women
Camacho-Cardenosa et al 91 3454/46‡SIT: 11.1 (0.2)
MOD: 11.3 (0.5)
SIT: 18.4 (2.8)
MOD: 20.1 (3.3)
Adolescents
Zhang et al 93 300/100HIIT: 21.5 (1.7)
MOD: 20.9 (1.4)
≥25Obese young women
Galedari et al 9222100/0HIIT: 30.8 (7.6)
MOD: 28.8 (6.1)
HIIT: 29.6 (1.5)
MOD: 28.9 (1.3)
Overweight men
  • *Number included in HIIT/SIT versus MOD for body composition analysis. 

  • †n=17 for body composition analysis in HIIT versus MOD. 

  • ‡Percentage referring to 35 participants. Values reported as mean.

  • §Double-blind, randomised, crossover investigation.

  • 1/2SIT, approximately half of time of the sprint interval training; 1HIIT, high-intensity interval training (one bout); 4HIIT, high-intensity interval training (four bouts); BMI, body mass index; HIIT, high-intensity interval training; MOD, moderate-intensity continuous training; NR, not reported; SIT, sprint interval training.