Table 3

Risk of bias assessment scores of the 10 included cohort studies

StudyCriteriaTotal scoreRisk of bias
Barge-Caballero et al2411100001015High
Hein et al2010111000004High
Kaufman et al2111011110005High
Mahieu et al1601011110016High
Milgrom et al2200011100003High
Owens et al1711011011006High
Rabin et al1811111110119High
Van der Linden et al2511101011006High
Van Ginckel et al1910111110017High
Wezenbeek et al2311101101017High
  • Outcomes of the risk of bias assessment tool as presented in table 1. Publications were considered to be of low risk of bias if: (1) a total score of at least 6 points was given and (2) 1 point was given to questions 6, 7, 8 and 10 (marked with the grey columns).