Table 3

Effects of short-term (ST), medium-term (MT) and long-term (LT) RET on resting blood pressure, mean arterial pressure and resting heart rate

OutcomeNumber of studiesNumber of participantsMean difference
(95% CI)
P valuesHeterogeneity
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)ST45957−3.17 (–6.95 to 0.60) †0.10χ²=5.76, I²=48%, p=0.12
MT46742714−4.02 (–5.92 to –2.11) †<0.0001*χ²=325.48, I²=86%, p<0.00001
LT8188178−5.08 (–10.04 to –0.13) †0.04*χ²=19.46, I²=64%, p=0.007
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)ST45957−0.72 (–3.66 to 2.22)†0.63χ²=8.1, I²=63%, p=0.04
MT45721697−1.73 (–2.88 to –0.57) †0.003*χ²=263.07, I²=83%, p<0.00001
LT7177169−4.93 (–8.58 to –1.28)†0.008*χ²=22.07, I²=73%, p=0.001
Mean arterial pressure (mm Hg)ST33532−3.31 (–6.86 to 0.25)†0.07χ²=6.61, I²=70%, p=0.04
MT10136132−1.57 (–4.60 to 1.46)†0.31χ²=97.16, I²=91%, p<0.00001
Resting heart rate (bpm)ST21614−2.66 (–7.55 to 2.23)†0.70χ²=6.95, I²=86%, p=0.008
MT355104670.35 (–1.44 to 2.13)0.69χ²=266.11, I²=87%, p<0.00001
LT57468−0.48 (–3.12 to 2.17)†0.72χ²=6.83, I²=41%, p=0.15
  • *Indicates statistical significance.

  • †Indicates favouring RET.

  • CON, control group; LT, long term; MT, medium term; RET, resistance exercise training; ST, short term.