Table 4

Recommended categories of body regions and areas for injuries

RegionBody areaOSIICSSMDCSNotes
Head and neckHeadHHEIncludes facial, brain (concussion), eyes, ears, teeth.
NeckNNEIncludes cervical spine, larynx, major vessels.
Upper limbShoulderSSHIncludes clavicle, scapula, rotator cuff, biceps tendon origin.
Upper armUAR
ElbowEELLigaments, insertional biceps and triceps tendon.
ForearmRFAIncludes non-articular radius and ulna injuries.
HandPHAIncludes finger, thumb.
TrunkChestCCHSternum, ribs, breast, chest organs.
Thoracic spineDTSThoracic spine, costovertebral joints.
LumbosacralLLSIncludes lumbar spine, sacroiliac joints, sacrum, coccyx, buttocks.
AbdomenOABBelow diaphragm and above inguinal canal, includes abdominal organs.
Lower limbHip/groinGHIHip and anterior musculoskeletal structures (eg, pubic symphysis, proximal adductors, iliopsoas).116
ThighTTHIncludes femur, hamstrings (including ischial tuberosity), quadriceps, mid-distal adductors.
KneeKKNIncludes patella, patellar tendon, pes anserinus.
Lower legQLEIncludes non-articular tibia and fibular injuries, calf and Achilles tendon.
AnkleAANIncludes syndesmosis, talocrural and subtalar joints.
FootFFOIncludes toes, calcaneus, plantar fascia.
UnspecifiedRegion unspecifiedZOO
Multiple regionsSingle injury crossing two or more regionsXOO
  • OSIICS, Orchard Sports Injury and Illness Classification System; SMDCS, Sport Medicine Diagnostic Coding System.