Table 1

CPGs characteristics and development methods for recommendations

First authorYearCountryOrganisational affiliationJournalMultidisciplinary teamTarget groupEvidence basedGrading system
Arroll38 2003New ZealandNZGG*External documentFour PTs; one MSK radiologist; one public health; four OSs; six non-specified medical doctors; one pain specialist; one psychologist; two sports physicians; two consumersHealth professionals and consumersSystematic review of systematic reviews, meta-analysis, RCTs or quasi-RCTsStudies: SIGN (revised)
Recomm: A-C, I
Meuffels36 2012NetherlandsDutch Orthopaedic Association Acta Orthop Two PTs; eight OSs; one sports medicine expert; two medical professional quality assessorsAll members of medical disciplines concerned with diagnosis and treatment of ACL injuriesSearch for existing guidelines and systematic review for RCTs and systematic reviews. When insufficient data, systematic review of case-control and cohort studies.Studies: A1, A2, B, C, D
Recomm: 1–4
Wright34 2014USAMOON Sports Health Seven PTs; twenty-one OSs; four sports medicine researchers/expertsPracticing PTs and ACL-injured people (from nonathlete to elite athlete)Systematic reviews of level I and level II evidenceNo criteria, solely based on the included RCTs
Shea33 2015USAAAOS† J Am Acad Orthop Surg
J Bone Joint Surg Am

External document
Twelve OSs; one athletic trainer; one sports medicine expertOSs and physicians managing patients with ACL injuries and other stakeholder involved (insurance payers, governmental bodies, health policy decision makers and other related healthcare professionals)Systematic review of clinical cohort studiesStudies: adapted from GRADE
Recomm: 1–4
van Melick37 2016NetherlandsKNGF Br J Sports Med Three PTs; one OSs; one trauma surgeon; one sports medicine expertPTs involved in rehabilitation after ACL reconstructionSystematic review of systematic reviews, meta-analysis, RCTs and prospective cohort studiesStudies: EBRO
Recomm: 1–4 (EBRO)
Logerstedt35 2017USAAPTA J Orthop Sports Phys Ther Five PTs; three OSs; one sports medicine expertPolicymakers, payers, orthopaedic PTs, orthopaedic PT clinicians, academic instructors, clinical instructors, students, interns, residents, and fellowsSystematic review of systematic reviews, meta-analyses, experimental and quasi-experimental, cohort, case series, and cross-sectional studiesStudies: I–V (CEBM)
Recomm: A–F
  • *Has received endorsement from Arthritis New Zealand; Effective Practice, Informatics and Quality Improvement (EPIQ); New Zealand Society of Physiotherapists; NZ Association of Musculoskeletal Medicine; Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologist; Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners; Sports Medicine New Zealand; The New Zealand Orthopaedic Association.

  • †Has received inputs from the National Athletic Trainer’s Association, American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, American College of Sports Medicine, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine and the National Academy of Sports Medicine.

  • AAOS, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; APTA, American Physical Therapy Association; CEBM, Centre Evidence-Based Medicine (Oxford); CPG, clinical practice guidelines; EBRO, Evidence- Based Richtkijn (Guideline) Ontwikkeling (Development); GRADE, Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation; KNGF, Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy; MOON, Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network; MSK, musculoskeletal; OSs, orthopaedic surgeons; PTs, physical therapists; RCTs, randomised controlled trials; Recomm, recommendations.