Table 3

Exposure and injury data for all injury prevention programmes

StudyInterventionParticipants analysedExposure hoursOverall injuriesACL injuriesKnee injuriesAnkle injuriesHip/Groin injuriesHamstring injuries
Barber Foss et al 49 Neuromuscular training
(CORE intervention)
IG: 74
CG: 68
IG: 12 120*
CG: 10 818*
IG: 25
CG: 31
IG: 0
CG: 0
IG: 11
CG: 15
IG: 6
CG: 9
NRNR
Emery and Meeuwisse50 Neuromuscular training
(plus home-based balance training)
IG: 161
CG: 251
IG: 10 364
CG: 16 289
IG: 27
CG: 61
NRIG: 3
CG: 6
IG: 8
CG: 23
NRNR
Espinosa et al 51 Eccentric hamstring exercisesIG: 22
CG: 21
IG: 4827†
CG: 4608†
IG: 28
CG: 23
NRNRNRNRIG: 1
CG: 5
Gilchrist et al 52 Neuromuscular training
(PEP programme)
IG: 583
CG: 852
IG: 70 440*
CG: 105 838*
NRIG: 7
CG: 18
IG: 40
CG: 58
NRNRNR
Heidt et al 53 Neuromuscular training (Frappier Acceleration Training programme)IG: 42
CG: 258
IG: 9828‡
CG: 60 372‡
IG: 7
CG: 91
IG: 1
CG: 8
IG: 3
CG: 29
IG: 2
CG: 26
IG: 0
CG: 3
IG: 0
CG: 3
LaBella et al 54 Neuromuscular trainingIG: 321
CG: 333
IG: 18 278*
CG: 15 292*
IG: 32
CG: 66
IG: 0
CG: 1
IG: 1
CG: 5
IG: 6
CG: 14
NRNR
Rössler et al 55 Neuromuscular training (FIFA 11+Kids)IG: 103
CG: 68
IG: 3931§
CG: 2932§
IG: 5
CG: 7
IG: 0
CG: 0
IG: 2
CG: 1
IG: 0
CG: 1
IG: 1
CG: 0
NR
Söderman et al 56 Balance board training
(home-based)
IG: 62
CG: 78
IG: 8246§
CG: 9262§
IG: 28
CG: 31
IG: 4
CG: 1
IG: 8
CG: 6
IG: 13
CG: 14
IG: 1
CG: 0
IG: 1
CG: 7
Soligard et al 57 Neuromuscular training
(FIFA 11+)
IG: 1055
CG: 837
IG: 49 899
CG: 45 428
IG: 161
CG: 215
NRIG: 35
CG: 58
IG: 51
CG: 52
IG: 10
CG: 9
IG: 5
CG: 8
Steffen et al 58 Neuromuscular training
(FIFA 11)
IG: 1073
CG: 947
IG: 66 423
CG: 65 725
IG: 242
CG: 241
IG: 4
CG: 5
IG: 37
CG: 30
IG: 79
CG: 74
IG: 6
CG: 14
NR
Waldén et al 59 Neuromuscular training (Knäkontroll)IG: 2479
CG: 2085
IG: 149 214
CG: 129 084
NRIG: 7
CG: 14
IG: 49
CG: 47
NRNRNR
Zebis et al 60 Using a lighter, smaller footballIG: 147
CG: 185
IG: 1119.3
CG: 1559.1
IG: 17
CG: 29
NRIG: 2
CG: 9
IG: 7
CG: 8
IG: 0
CG: 1
IG: 1
CG: 4
  • Overall injuries for each study may have included just lower-limb or whole body injuries. Knee injuries incorporated all reported knee injuries that most likely included ACL injuries too.

  • *Calculated from athletic exposures (1 athletic exposure=2 exposure hours).

  • †Data calculated based on the total exposure hours reported for all participants that was provided by the authors.

  • ‡Data obtained by contacting the authors.

  • §Estimated exposure hours based on the assumption of 6 hours exposure per week per participant (two training sessions plus one game) for 39 weeks53 and then multiplied by the number of participants.

  • CG, control group; CORE, exercises focused on the trunk and lower extremity; IG, intervention group; NR, not reported; PEP, Prevent injury and Enhance Performance.