Table 1A

The mode of onset in golf injury

TraumaMode of onsetExamples
AcuteSuddenA golfer hits a tree stump with immediate pain in ulnar side of wrist at impact (extensor carpi ulnaris subsheath tear)
RepetitiveSuddenA golfer has acute wrist pain while playing a normal shot. MRI scan shows stress fracture of the hamate
GradualA golfer experiences gradual lead shoulder pain. X-ray shows acromioclavicular joint arthritis