Table 3

Comparison between COVID-19+ and COVID-19− players

COVID-19+COVID-19−P value
n1812
Age (years)22 (21–27)25 (19.5–26.5)0.92
Spirometry
 FVC (L)5.68 (5.06–6.21)5.62 (4.80–5.83)0.31
 % of the theor102.5 (92–112)103.5 (95–105)0.69
 FEV1 (L)4.62 (4.02–4.77)4.4 (3.87–5.11)0.95
 % of the theor96.5 (91–104)102.5 (94.5–108.5)0.39
 PEF (L)9.25 (8.7–10.45)9.38 (8.34–10.39)0.85
 % of the theor89.5 (84–100)89 (82.5–99.5)0.92
 MVV (L/min)161.7 (139.7–167)154 (135.3–178.9)0.98
 % of the theor98 (91–104)99.5 (90.5–110)0.72
Stress-test ECG
 Resting HR (bpm)61.5 (54–69)60.5 (55–62.5)0.33
 Max HR (bpm)180 (172–185)178 (170–181.5)0.44
 % of the theor91 (89–92)90.5 (87.5–92)0.63
 Resting SBP (mm Hg)102.5 (100–110)110 (100–120)0.22
 Resting DBP (mm Hg)62.5 (60–70)62.5 (60–72.5)0.55
 Max SBP (mm Hg)190 (170–200)190 (175–195)1,00
 Max DBP (mm Hg)77.5 (70–85)75 (70–80)0.63
Echocardiogram
 LV EDD (mm)55.5 (51.5–58)53.5 (52.5–55.5)0.39
 LV ESD (mm)33 (31–37)33 (32.5–34.5)0.85
 IVSd (mm)10 (9.5–10)10 (9–10.25)0.92
 PWd (mm)10 (9.5–10)10 (9–10.25)0.78
 LV EDV (mL)153 (126–168)137 (131.5–153)0.25
 LV EDV ind (mL/m2)73.5 (63.1–85.3)71 (63.9–75.2)0.35
 LV ESV (mL)43.5 (37–60)45 (43.5–48.5)0.82
 LV ESV ind (mL/m2)22.2 (18.8–27.7)23.5 (20.7–24.7)0.78
 FS %37 (35–41)38 (36.5–41)0.55
 EF %61 (58–63)60.5 (56.5–62.5)0.76
 Mitral E:A ratio1.71 (1.45–1.88)1.76 (1.58–2)0.47
 RVD1 (mm)44 (41–45)43 (39.5–45.5)0.69
 RVD2 (mm)32.5 (30–34)31 (29–35.5)0.79
 TAPSE (mm)19.5 (19–22)20.5 (19–21)0.69
  • Data are presented as median (IQR).

  • BPM, beats per minute; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; LV EDD, left ventricle end-diastolic diameter; LV EDV, left ventricle end-diastolic volume; EF, ejection fraction; LV ESD, left ventricle end-systolic diameter; LV ESV, left ventricle end-systolic volume; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in the first second; FS, fractional shortening; FVC, forced vital capacity; HR, heart rate; ind, indexed for body surface area; IVSd, end-diastolic interventricular septum thickness; MVV, maximal voluntary ventilation; PEF, peak expiratory flow volume; PWd, end-diastolic posterior wall thickness; RVD1, right ventricle end-diastolic diameter at the base (4ch); RVD2, right ventricle end-diastolic mid-cavitary diameter (4ch); SBP, systolic blood pressure; TAPSE, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion; Theor, theoretical for the age and body size.