Table 1

Baseline characteristics

SprainoControlTotal
Participants, n256254510
Male, n (%)146 (57)146 (57)292 (57)
Age, mean (SD)22.3 (4.0)23.0 (4.5)22.7 (4.3)
Height (cm), mean (SD)181 (10)182 (11)182 (11)
Body mass (kg), mean (SD)80.8 (14)80.3 (14)80.5 (14)
Fear*, median (IQR)70 (40–90)70 (50–90)70 (40–90)
Pain†, median (IQR)2 (0–3)1 (0–2)1 (0–3)
Sport, n (%)
 Handball204 (80)205 (81)409 (80)
 Basketball26 (10)31 (12)57 (11)
 Badminton26 (10)18 (7)44 (9)
Weekly practice (hours), mean (SD)6.1 (3.1)6.1 (3.0)6.1 (3.0)
Level of play, n (%)
 League10 (4)12 (5)22 (4)
 First division80 (31)78 (31)158 (31)
 Second division64 (25)70 (28)134 (26)
 Third division102 (40)94 (37)196 (38)
  • *Fear of ankle sprain during primary sport (100=no fear, 0=highest fear imaginable).

  • †Pain in ankle joint during primary sport (0=no pain, 10=highest pain imaginable).