Table 2a

Treatment effects for the primary outcome: Comparative treatment class effects for any improvement at 3 months (fixed effects model with random between treatment within class effect)

Wait-and-see
9.6
(2.2 to 48.8)
Education
13.0
(2.4 to 83.5)
1.3
(0.3 to 6.3)
Exercise
16.5
(4.9 to 65.8)
1.7
(0.8 to 4.0)
1.3
(0.4 to 4.5)
Education+orthosis
25.2
(5.7 to 130.3)
2.6
(1.7 to 4.2)
2.0
(0.4 to 8.5)
1.5
(0.7 to 3.6)
Education+exercise+patellar taping/mobilisations
38.8
(7.3 to 236.9)
4.0
(1.5 to 11.8)
3.0
(0.6 to 16.0)
2.3
(0.8 to 7.5)
1.5
(0.6 to 4.6)
Education+exercise+patellar taping/mobilisations+orthosis
  • ORs with their 95% credible intervals from the network meta-analysis are shown.

  • For any cell, an OR<1 favours the upper-left treatment, and an OR>1 favours the lower-right treatment. Comparative treatment effect differences are shown in bold.