Table 3

The duration (median number of days; 95% CI) of symptoms by region and specific symptoms in the ARIALL, and the ARICOV and the ARIOTH subgroups

SymptomARIALL
(n=84)
ARICOV
(n=45)
ARIOTH
(n=39)
ARICOV versus ARIOTH
Median days (95% CI)Median days (95% CI)Median days (95% CI)P value*
Nose and throat
 Sore/scratchy throat7 (5 to 10)7 (5 to 9)7 (4 to 10)0.361
 Hoarseness5 (4 to 14)5 (3 to 10)9.5 (2 to 20)0.709
 Blocked/plugged nose7 (5 to 10)10 (7 to 15)5 (3 to 7) 0.006
 Runny nose5 (3 to 6)5 (2 to 10)4 (3 to 7)0.356
 Sinus pressure8 (5 to 10)10 (6 to 15)6 (4 to 10)0.342
 Sneezing5 (3 to 6)5 (3 to 10)4 (2 to 6)0.100
 Altered/loss sense of smell10 (7 to 14)7 (7 to 14)17 (2 to 61)0.451
 Altered/loss sense of taste9.5 (5 to 14)9 (5 to 14)10 (1 to 20)0.784
Chest and neck
 Dry cough9.5 (6 to 12)9 (6 to 10)10 (4 to 29)0.107
 Wet cough6.5 (3 to 7)6 (3 to 7)7 (2 to 7)0.603
 Difficulty in breathing14 (6 to 20)10 (4 to 20)14 (5 to 30)0.887
 Fast breathing or short of breath14 (5 to 20)15 (5 to 27)10.5 (3 to 32)0.684
 Chest pain/pressure8 (6 to 13)9 (3 to 14)7 (3 to 14)0.429
 Chest tightness7 (5 to 15)7 (4 to 21)10 (3 to 21)0.578
 Headache6 (4 to 8)5 (4 to 8)7 (4 to 10)0.877
 Red/watery/scratchy eyes10 (5 to 15)10 (4 to 24)8 (3 to 30)0.597
Whole body
 Fever5.5 (2 to 9)5 (2 to 9)6 (2 to 14)0.766
 Chills3 (2 to 5)3 (2 to 5)4 (2 to 5)0.465
 Excessive fatigue11 (8 to 20)14 (9 to 21)8 (5 to 20)0.263
 General muscle aches and pains7 (5 to 10)7 (5 to 10)5.5 (4 to 14)0.628
 Skin rash†4 (3 to 10)3.55
 Abdominal pain†4.5 (2 to 7)47
 Nausea7 (2 to 14)7 (2 to 20)7 (2 to 31)0.532
 Vomiting†4.5 (1 to 10)61
 Diarrhoea†4 (3 to 7)47
 Loss of appetite7 (5 to 12)10 (5 to 14)6.5 (2 to 8)0.390
  • *Log-rank test.

  • †Symptoms where the numbers were too small to analyse between groups or produce CIs.

  • ARI, acute respiratory illness; ARICOV, acute respiratory illness COVID-19 subgroup that is the combined ARICOV+ve and ARICOV-S subgroups; ARIOTH, acute respiratory illness Other subgroup.