Table 4

Classification scheme for elite para-cycling

EquipmentClassification categoryImpairment types and examples of associated diagnoses
BicycleC division (C1–C5)Impaired muscle power
  • Spinal cord disorders and muscular dystrophy.


Impaired passive range of motion
  • Arthrogryposis and joint contracture.


Leg length difference
  • Dysmelia.


Limb deficiency
  • Traumatic or non-traumatic amputation.


Hypertonia/ataxia/athetosis
  • Cerebral palsy, brain injury and stroke.

TricycleT division (T1–T2)Hypertonia/ataxia/athetosis
  • Cerebral palsy, brain injury and stroke.

HandcycleH division (H1–H5)Impaired muscle power
  • Spinal cord disorders and muscular dystrophy.


Impaired passive range of motion
  • Arthrogryposis and joint contracture.


Limb deficiency
  • Traumatic or non-traumatic amputation.


Hypertonia/ataxia/athetosis
  • Cerebral palsy, brain injury and stroke.

Tandem bicycleB divisionVisual impairment.