Table 1

Summary of 211 confirmed diagnoses and 51 suspected diagnoses of sudden death (including SCA with survival)

Cardiovascular causes 174
Coronary artery disease 65
Sudden unexplained death 35
SCD without gross or histopathological findings20
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation after survival (negative diagnostic findings)15
Cardiomyopathy 27
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy11
Cardiomyopathy (not otherwise specified)10
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy4
Dilated cardiomyopathy1
Ischaemic cardiomyopathy1
Coronary artery anomaly 13
Coronary artery anomaly (not otherwise specified)5
Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery2
Anomalous left coronary artery (ALCA)2
Congenital ostial atresia of the right coronary artery and valvular heart disease1
ALCA and dissection1
Myocardial bridging (not otherwise specified)1
Myocardial bridging of the left anterior descending coronary artery and hypoplastic circumflex artery1
Myocarditis 8
Valvular heart disease 7
Aortic valve stenosis1
Aortic valve anomaly (not otherwise specified)1
Mitral valve prolapse1
Primary cardiac valve tumour1
Heart valve insufficiency (not otherwise specified)1
Pulmonary stenosis1
Heart valve disorder (not otherwise specified)1
Electrical heart disease 7
Electrical heart disease (not otherwise specified)3
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia2
Pre-excitation syndrome1
Long QT syndrome1
Other 12
Congenital heart disease (not otherwise specified)7
Myocardial fibrosis2
Coronary artery spasm1
Cardiac sarcoidosis1
Acute Stanford type A aortic dissection1
Trauma-related causes 23
Traumatic intracranial haemorrhage10
Commotio cordis7
Neck fracture2
Traumatic intracranial haemorrhage triggered by arteriovenous malformation1
Carotid artery rupture1
Liver rupture1
Intestinal perforation1
Non-traumatic causes 14
Non-traumatic intracranial haemorrhage5
Ruptured brain aneurysm3
Bronchial asthma2
Pulmonary embolism1
Suspected diagnoses 51
Cardiovascular causes 35
Coronary artery disease21
Sudden unexplained death9
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy3
Electrical heart disease1
Valvular heart disease1
Trauma-related causes 10
Commotio cordis7
Abdominal bleeding2
Carotid artery rupture1
Non-traumatic causes 6
Pulmonary embolism2
  • SCA, sudden cardiac arrest; SCD, sudden cardiac death.