Table 2

Geographical distribution of the most frequent causes of sudden death (including SCA with survival) ≤35 years (n=145) and >35 years (n=66)

Causes ≤35 yearsAfrica (n=8)Asia (n=8)Australia (n=6)Europe (n=84)North America (n=27)South America (n=12)
Coronary artery disease, n2101110
Sudden unexplained death, n1022234
Cardiomyopathy, n12*012†6‡
Coronary artery anomaly¶, n000490
Myocarditis, n001600
Valvular heart disease, n000420
Electrical heart disease¶, n002111
Other (including trauma), n4512452
Causes >35 years Africa (n=2) Asia (n=6) Australia (n=15) Europe (n=30) North America (n=10) South America (n=3)
Coronary artery disease, n05132291
Sudden unexplained death, n001200
Cardiomyopathy, n000100
Myocarditis, n000001**
Valvular heart disease, n100000
Other (including trauma), n111511
  • *Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: n=1; cardiomyopathy not otherwise specified: n=1.

  • †Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: n=5; arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: n=3, cardiomyopathy not otherwise specified: n=3, dilated cardiomyopathy n=1.

  • ‡Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: n=4; arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: n=1, cardiomyopathy not otherwise specified: n=1.

  • §Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: n=1; ischaemic cardiomyopathy n=1, cardiomyopathy not otherwise specified: n=3.

  • ¶Coronary artery anomaly and electrical heart disease were not observed in the age group >35 years.

  • **Histopathological features of Chagas disease.

  • SCA, sudden cardiac arrest .