Table 1

Items of included reporting guidelines, TIDieR (A) items of TIDieR checklist14 and CERT (B) items of CERT checklist13

TIDieR itemsItem description
1Brief name: provide the name or a phrase that describes the intervention
2Why: describe any rationale, theory or goal of the elements essential to the intervention
3What (materials): describe any physical or informational materials used in the intervention, including those provided to participants or used in intervention delivery or in training of intervention providers. Provide information on where the materials can be accessed (for example, online appendix, URL)
4What (procedures): describe each of the procedures, activities, and/or processes used in the intervention, including any enabling or support activities
5Who provided: for each category of intervention provider (for example, psychologist, nursing assistant), describe their expertise, background and any specific training given
6How: describe the modes of delivery (such as face to face or by some other mechanism, such as internet or telephone) of the intervention and whether it was provided individually or in a group
7Where: describe the type(s) of location(s) where the intervention occurred, including any necessary infrastructure or relevant features
8When and how much: describe the number of times the intervention was delivered and over what period of time including the number of sessions, their schedule, and their duration, intensity or dose
9Tailoring: if the intervention was planned to be personalised, titrated or adapted then describe what, why, when and how
10Modifications: if the intervention was modified during the course of the study, describe the changes (what, why, when and how)
11How well (planned): if intervention adherence or fidelity was assessed, describe how and by whom, and if any strategies were used to maintain or improve fidelity, describe them
12How well (actual): if intervention adherence or fidelity was assessed, describe the extent to which the intervention was delivered as planned
CERT items Item description
1Detailed description of the type of exercise equipment (eg, weights, exercise equipment such as machines, treadmill, bicycle ergometer, etc)
2Detailed description of the qualifications, teaching/supervising expertise, and/or training undertaken by the exercise instructor
3Describe whether exercises are performed individually or in a group
4Describe whether exercises are supervised or unsupervised and how they are delivered
5Detailed description of how adherence to exercise is measured and reported
6Detailed description of motivation strategies
7aDetailed description of the decision rule(s) for determining exercise progression
7bDetailed description of how the exercise programme was progressed
8Detailed description of each exercise to enable replication (eg, photographs, illustrations, video, etc)
9Detailed description of any home programme component (eg, other exercises, stretching, etc)
10Describe whether there are any non-exercise components (eg, education, cognitive–behavioural therapy, massage, etc)
11Describe the type and number of adverse events that occurred during exercise
12Describe the setting in which the exercises are performed
13Detailed description of the exercise intervention including, but not limited to, number of exercise repetitions/sets/sessions, session duration, intervention/programme duration, etc
14aDescribe whether the exercises are generic (one size fits all) or tailored to the individual
14bDetailed description of how exercises are tailored to the individual
15Describe the decision rule for determining the starting level at which people commence an exercise programme (such as beginner, intermediate, advanced, etc)
16aDescribe how adherence or fidelity to the exercise intervention is assessed/measured
16bDescribe the extent to which the intervention was delivered as planned
  • CERT, Consensus on Exercise Reporting Template; TIDieR, Template for Intervention Description and Replication.