Table 1

Characteristics of the participants

Female
N (%)
Male
N (%)
P value
Practice region <0.001
Africa17 (4.5)18 (2.2)
Asia48 (12.6)355 (43.7)
Europe91 (24.0)186 (22.9)
North America215 (56.6)214 (26.3)
Oceania3 (0.8)4 (0.5)
South America6 (1.6)33 (4.1)
Multiple0 (0.0)3 (0.4)
Total380 (100)813 (100)
Primary residency training <0.001
Emergency medicine17 (4.5)21 (2.6)
Family medicine166 (43.7)199 (24.5)
Internal medicine17 (4.5)43 (5.3)
Orthopaedics55 (14.5)388 (47.7)
Paediatrics28 (7.4)15 (1.9)
PM&R59 (15.5)68 (8.4)
Sports medicine28 (7.4)41 (5.0)
Other10 (2.6)38 (3.2)
Age (years)40.1±9.348.3±11.5 <0.001
  • Bold values denote statistical significance at the p < 0.05 level.

  • PM&R, physical medicine and rehabilitation.