Table 1

Characteristics of included guidelines

Document, year of publicationOrganisationDocument typeSystematic searchMain target professionalsAthlete levelAge rangeAge-specific paediatric recommendationsScreening tools recommendedFrequency of screening
Ghorayeb et al.20 2019Brazilian Society of Cardiology and Brazilian Society of Exercise and Sports MedicineGuideline paperNoNot statedAmateur athletes and professional athletes12–35 years or olderYesMedical history; physical exam; ECGBefore onset of training and then periodically
Preparticipation Physical Evaluation fifth edition,29 2019American Academy of Pediatrics (joint publication with multiple Organisations)MonographNoAthlete’s primary care providerAthletes in organised sports or vigorous physical activitiesMiddle school, high school and college ageNoMedical history; physical examComprehensive evaluation every 2 to 3 years; yearly update
Johri et al. 2019Canadian Cardiovascular Society and Canadian Heart Rhythm SocietyPosition statementNoSpecialists and allied health professionalsCompetitive or professional athletesNot statedNoMedical history; physical examNot stated
Drezner et al.11 2017American Medical Society for Sports MedicinePosition statementNoPrimary care sports medicine physicianYoung competitive athletes12–35 yearsNoPhysician autonomyEvery 1–3 years
Fritsch et al, 2017Association of European Paediatric CardiologyRecommendation paperNoNot statedYoung competitive athletesNot statedNoMedical history; physical exam; ECGEvery 2 years
Mont et al.25 2017European Heart Rhythm Association and European Association of Preventive CardiologyPosition statementNoNot statedAll athletes, regardless of levelAny ageNoMedical history; physical exam; ECGNot stated
Hainline et al.21 2016National Collegiate Athletic AssociationConsensus statementNoSports institutions medical teamCollegiate student athletesCollegiate student ageNoMedical history; physical examYearly
Conley et al.18 2014National Athletic Trainers' AssociationPosition statementNoMedical doctors, athletic trainersAll athletes, regardless of levelNot statedNoMedical history; physical examAt each new level of participation
Maron et al.24 2014American Heart Association and the American College of CardiologyScientific statementYesNot statedGeneral population to competitive athletes12–25 yearsNoMedical history; physical examNot stated
Mahmood et al.23 2013American College of Preventive MedicinePosition statementNoNot statedHigh school or collegiate athletesHigh school or collegiate ageNoMedical history; physical examNot stated
Ljungqvist et al.26 2009International Olympic CommitteeConsensus statementNoSports team physiciansElite athletesNot statedNoMedical history; physical exam; ECGNot stated
Corrado et al. 2005Working Groups of the European Society of CardiologyConsensus statementNoSports cardiology or sports physicianCompetitive or professional athletes12–35 yearsNoMedical history; physical exam; ECGEvery 2 years
American Medical Association report, 1994
American Medical AssociationBoard of trustees reportNoMedical doctorsAdolescents participating in sportsAdolescents, not further definedYesMedical history; physical examYearly