Table 2

League table of all relative effects

Strength
CTRLHM1HM2HM3HS1HS2HS3LM1LM2LM3LS1LS2LS3
HypertrophyCTRL 1.54
(0.81 to 2.30)
1.59
(1.28 to 1.90)
1.60
(1.38 to 1.82)
0.79
(−0.88 to 2.45)
1.15
(0.55 to 1.77)
1.22
(0.74 to 1.70)
1.07
(0.47 to 1.67)
1.23
(1.01 to 1.46)
1.07
(0.89 to 1.25)
0.75
(−0.16 to 1.68)
0.91
(0.49 to 1.35)
0.90
(0.57 to 1.22)
HM10.40
(−0.35 to 1.17)
0.05
(−0.71 to 0.79)
0.06
(−0.71 to 0.82)
−0.74
(−2.54 to 1.08)
−0.39
(−1.32 to 0.55)
−0.32
(−1.13 to 0.50)
−0.47
(−1.37 to 0.42)
−0.31
(−1.07 to 0.44)
−0.47
(−1.23 to 0.28)
−0.78
(−1.97 to 0.38)
−0.62
(−1.48 to 0.21)
−0.64
(−1.45 to 0.15)
HM2 0.66
(0.47 to 0.85)
0.26
(−0.50 to 1.02)
0.01
(−0.35 to 0.37)
−0.79
(−2.46 to 0.91)
−0.44
(−1.00 to 0.14)
−0.37
(−0.91 to 0.20)
−0.52
(−1.16 to 0.12)
0.36
(−0.66 to –0.04)
0.52
(−0.87 to –0.17)
0.83
(−1.77 to 0.11)
0.67
(−1.16 to –0.18)
0.69
(−1.12 to –0.24)
HM3 0.51
(0.35 to 0.67)
0.11
(−0.67 to 0.88)
−0.15
(−0.39 to 0.09)
−0.80
(−2.48 to 0.86)
−0.45
(−1.09 to 0.21)
−0.38
(−0.86 to 0.11)
−0.53
(−1.14 to 0.09)
0.37
(−0.66 to –0.07)
0.53
(−0.74 to –0.31)
−0.84
(−1.77 to 0.08)
0.68
(−1.14 to –0.22)
0.70
(−1.06 to –0.34)
HS1N.D.N.D.N.D.N.D.0.36
(−1.42 to 2.09)
0.43
(−1.27 to 2.16)
0.28
(−1.47 to 2.05)
0.44
(−1.25 to 2.12)
0.28
(−1.38 to 1.95)
−0.04
(−1.45 to 1.34)
0.12
(−1.53 to 1.77)
0.11
(−1.54 to 1.76)
HS20.10
(−0.57 to 0.80)
−0.30
(−1.28 to 0.66)
−0.56
(−1.23 to 0.14)
−0.41
(−1.08 to 0.29)
N.D.0.07
(−0.69 to 0.84)
−0.08
(−0.91 to 0.75)
0.08
(−0.54 to 0.68)
−0.08
(−0.72 to 0.55)
−0.40
(−1.46 to 0.65)
−0.24
(−0.94 to 0.44)
−0.25
(−0.94 to 0.42)
HS30.34
(−0.02 to 0.71)
−0.06
(−0.90 to 0.75)
−0.32
(−0.74 to 0.09)
−0.17
(−0.54 to 0.22)
N.D.0.24
(−0.51 to 0.99)
−0.15
(−0.88 to 0.60)
0.01
(−0.51 to 0.53)
−0.15
(−0.64 to 0.33)
−0.47
(−1.49 to 0.54)
−0.31
(−0.93 to 0.31)
−0.32
(−0.84 to 0.19)
LM1 0.55
(0.19 to 0.90)
0.15
(−0.68 to 0.94)
−0.11
(−0.49 to 0.25)
0.04
(−0.34 to 0.41)
N.D.0.45
(−0.33 to 1.18)
0.21
(−0.31 to 0.69)
0.16
(−0.43 to 0.75)
−0.00
(−0.58 to 0.59)
−0.32
(−1.40 to 0.77)
−0.16
(−0.88 to 0.56)
−0.17
(−0.83 to 0.48)
LM2 0.56
(0.42 to 0.71)
0.16
(−0.62 to 0.92)
−0.10
(−0.29 to 0.11)
0.05
(−0.16 to 0.26)
N.D.0.46
(−0.23 to 1.12)
0.22
(−0.18 to 0.59)
0.01
(−0.31 to 0.35)
−0.16
(−0.42 to 0.10)
−0.48
(−1.39 to 0.44)
−0.32
(−0.75 to 0.12)
−0.33
(−0.70 to 0.04)
LM3 0.50
(0.39 to 0.61)
0.10
(−0.66 to 0.85)
−0.16
(−0.38 to 0.05)
−0.01
(−0.16 to 0.14)
N.D.0.40
(−0.30 to 1.07)
0.16
(−0.22 to 0.52)
−0.05
(−0.39 to 0.29)
−0.06
(−0.22 to 0.10)
−0.32
(−1.24 to 0.60)
−0.15
(−0.59 to 0.29)
−0.17
(−0.49 to 0.15)
LS1N.D.N.D.N.D.N.D.N.D.N.D.N.D.N.D.N.D.N.D.0.16
(−0.73 to 1.01)
0.15
(−0.77 to 1.06)
LS2 0.48
(0.19 to 0.78)
0.08
(−0.71 to 0.88)
−0.19
(−0.51 to 0.16)
−0.03
(−0.35 to 0.29)
N.D.0.37
(−0.28 to 1.01)
0.13
(−0.33 to 0.60)
−0.07
(−0.51 to 0.37)
−0.08
(−0.37 to 0.22)
−0.02
(−0.31 to 0.28)
N.D.−0.02
(−0.46 to 0.42)
LS3 0.37
(0.16 to 0.57)
−0.03
(−0.82 to 0.76)
0.30
(−0.57 to –0.02)
−0.14
(−0.39 to 0.10)
N.D.0.26
(−0.39 to 0.95)
0.02
(−0.37 to 0.39)
−0.18
(−0.57 to 0.22)
−0.20
(−0.44 to 0.05)
−0.13
(−0.34 to 0.08)
N.D.−0.11
(−0.40 to 0.17)
  • Network estimates for all relative effects of resistance training prescriptions are displayed for strength (column header vs row header; values >0 favour the column condition) and hypertrophy (row header vs column header; values >0 favour the row condition). Data are displayed as posterior standardised mean difference (95% credible interval). Bolded numbers indicate a 95% probability one intervention yields a larger relative effect. Resistance training prescriptions are denoted with a three-character acronym—XY#—where X is load (H, ≥80% 1-repetition maximum (1RM); L, <80% 1 RM); Y is sets (M, multiset; S, single-set); and # is weekly frequency (3, ≥3 days/week; 2, 2 days/week; 1, 1 day/week), respectively. For example, ‘HM2’ denotes higher-load, multiset, twice-weekly training.

  • CTRL, non-exercise control; N.D., no data.