Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients presented by group

PA, n=62PAX, n=59PAXI, n=59
Age year, mean (SD)50.4 (10.2)48.8 (11.3)46.2 (11.6)
Sex, n (%) female44 (71.0)42 (71.2)42 (71.2)
Height cm, mean (SD)171.9 (8.5)172.6 (8.3)173.2 (8.5)
Mass kg, mean (SD)89.8 (16.0)88.1 (18.3)87.8 (19.9)
Body mass index kg/m2, mean (SD)30.4 (5.2)29.4 (5.2)29.2 (6.0)
Symptom duration months, median (IQR)7 (5–18)7 (5–12)6 (5–14)
Pain during past week/100, mean (SD)65.6 (17.2)61.7 (18.4)68.1 (17.3)
Bilateral pain, n (%)20 (32)14 (24)17 (29)
Plantar fascia thickness mm, mean (SD)5.5 (1.2)5.6 (1.1)5.5 (1.2)
Comorbidities, n (%)15 (24)13 (22)23 (39)
Educational level, n (%)
 No vocational education1 (1.6)4 (6.8)10 (17.0)
 One or more courses1 (1.6)2 (3.4)3 (5.1)
 Vocational education <1 year2 (3.2)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Vocational education >1 year33 (53.2)34 (57.6)28 (47.5)
 Short further education 2–3 years6 (9.7)1 (1.7)2 (3.4)
 Medium length further education 3–4 years13 (21.0)18 (30.5)11 (18.6)
 Long further education >4 years6 (9.7)0 (0.0)5 (8.5)
In the workforce, n (%)47 (75.8)53 (89.8)49 (83.1)
Care-seeking behaviour, n (%)
 General practitioner43 (69.4)37 (62.7)43 (72.9)
 Physiotherapist11 (17.7)4 (6.8)7 (11.9)
 Medical specialist10 (16.1)6 (10.2)5 (8.5)
 Other5 (8.1)6 (10.2)11 (18.6)
 None15 (24.2)21 (35.6)14 (23.7)
Previous treatment, n (%)
 No previous treatment35 (56.5)27 (45.8)34 (57.6)
 Foot orthoses15 (24.2)17 (28.8)13 (22.0)
 Exercise therapy14 (22.6)16 (27.1)7 (11.9)
 Electrophysical agents13 (21.0)9 (15.3)7 (11.9)
 Corticosteroid injection6 (9.7)3 (5.1)4 (6.8)
 Acupuncture4 (6.5)4 (6.8)7 (11.9)
 Stretching4 (6.5)3 (5.12 (3.4)
 Other, for example, manual therapy, medication or tape15 (24.2)10 (17.0)7 (11.9)
  • HSR, heavy–slow resistance training; PA, patient advice plus heel cup; PAX, PA plus HSR; PAXI, PAX plus a corticosteroid injection.