Table 4

Examples of characteristics (and their corresponding domains) that could be collected for different female life stages; these characteristics could be collected at baseline (BASE) and then confirmed at time of injury or illness (TOI)

PeripubertyAdultPerimenopause
Prepuberty to pubertyPost puberty to pre-menopauseMenopause to postmenopause
BASE—level of competition
(domain(s): sporting environment)
BASE—years of exposure
(domain(s): sporting environment)
BASE—caregiving responsibilities
(domain(s): sporting environment and breast feeding, parenting and caregiving)
BASE—earn a living by playing sport
(domain(s): sporting environment and breast feeding, parenting and caregiving)
BASE—puberty status
TOI—check if status has changed since baseline
(domain(s): menstrual and other gynaecological health)
Not applicable to adult or menopausal
BASE—age of menarche
(domain(s): menstrual and other gynaecological health and pregnancy)
BASE—menstrual cycle data (ie, average cycle length, frequency of bleeding per year, ovulation status if known, presence or absence of luteal phase deficiency if known and presence or absence of copper intrauterine system)
TOI—record the day of menstrual cycle
(domain(s): menstrual and other gynaecological health and pregnancyl and preconception/assisted reproduction)
BASE—hormonal contraceptive use (Y/N) and type (ie, combined or progestin-only AND route of administration: pill (combined monophasic, biphasic, triphasic or continuous or progestin only), vaginal ring, patch, implant, injection or hormonal intrauterine system) AND brand name for dosage information
TOI—record the timing of hormonal contraception usage (eg, for monophasic combined contraceptive pill users need to establish if it was a pill-free or pill-taking day)
(domain(s): menstrual and other gynaecological health)
BASE—pregnancy status (Y/N) and duration
TOI—check if status has changed since baseline
(domain(s): pregnancy and postpartum)
Not applicable to menopausal
BASE—number of, and time since, previous pregnancies
(domain(s): pregnancy, postpartum and pelvic floor health)
BASE—previous mode of deliveries for childbirth
(domain(s): pregnancy, postpartum and pelvic floor health)
BASE—history/presence of pregnancy/birth/postpartum trauma (eg, perineal tear and pelvic floor muscle major injury, stress urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, diastasis recti abdominis, low back and especially pelvic girdle pain)
(domain(s): pregnancy, postpartum and pelvic floor health)
BASE—breastfeeding status (Y/N)
TOI—check if status has changed since baseline
(domain(s): pregnancy, postpartum and breast feeding, parenting and caregiving and breast health)
Not applicable to menopausal
Not applicable to pubertal BASE—menopausal status
TOI—check if status has changed since baseline
(domain(s): menstrual and other gynaecological health and menopause)
BASE—hormone replacement therapy use (Y/N) and type (ie, combined or estrogen-only AND route of administration: tablets, patches, gels or vaginal AND routine: cyclical/sequential or continuous AND brand name for dosage
TOI—record the timing of hormone replacement therapy usage (eg, for cyclical monthly hormone replacement therapy users need to establish if it was an oestrogen only or oestrogen and progesterone day)
(domain(s): menopause)
  • Peripuberty is the time around puberty.7 Puberty is the onset of menarche.34 Perimenopause is the time around the occurrence of the menopause when the ovaries gradually produce less oestrogen.43 Menopause is the time when menstruation surceases.7 Postmenopause is the time after which a woman has experienced 12 consecutive months of amenorrhoea.7

  • Y/N, yes/no.