Table 4

Linear regression describing the association between athlete characteristics and mental health scale sum

Model 1
B (95% CI)
Model 2
B (95% CI)
Model 3
B (95% CI)
Race and ethnicity
 White(ref.)(ref.)(ref.)
 Black0.36 (0.08 to 0.64)0.27 (−0.01 to 0.55)−0.27 (−0.54 to <−0.01)
 Hispanic/Latino0.31 (−0.08 to 0.69)0.25 (−0.14 to 0.63)0.01 (−0.36 to 0.37)
 Other0.51 (0.26 to 0.77)0.47 (0.22 to 0.72)0.23 (<−0.01 to 0.47)
Sex classification of sports team
 Men’s sports team(ref.)(ref.)(ref.)
 Women’s sports team2.70 (2.52 to 2.87)2.76 (2.59 to 2.93)2.67 (2.51 to 2.83)
Current academic standing
 Freshman(ref.)(ref.)(ref.)
 Sophomore1.08 (0.86 to 1.29)1.03 (0.82 to 1.25)0.72 (0.51 to 0.92)
 Junior1.31 (1.09 to 1.53)1.28 (1.06 to 1.50)0.91 (0.70 to 1.12)
 Senior1.50 (1.27 to 1.73)1.46 (1.23 to 1.69)1.03 (0.82 to 1.25)
Sexual orientation
 Straight or heterosexual(ref.)(ref.)(ref.)
 Gay or lesbian1.88 (1.35 to 2.40)1.86 (1.34 to 2.39)1.63 (1.13 to 2.12)
 Bisexual or pansexual3.25 (2.83 to 3.67)3.34 (2.92 to 3.76)2.86 (2.46 to 3.25)
 Questioning, unsure or prefer not to answer1.68 (1.16 to 2.20)1.71 (1.20 to 2.22)1.14 (0.66 to 1.62)
School modality--
 In-person(ref.)(ref.)
 Hybrid0.40 (0.10 to 0.71)0.23 (-0.06 to 0.52)
 Virtual1.07 (0.74 to 1.39)1.27 (0.96 to 1.57)
Close COVID-19 hospitalisation or death----
 No(ref)
 Yes1.11 (0.83 to 1.38)
Meeting basic needs----0.51 (0.50 to 0.53)