Table 4

Mean change in cardiometabolic health indices at two years versus baseline by intervention group31

Lifestyle physical activity (n=121, 50.0% women)Structured exercise (n=114, 50.9% women)
IndicesBaselineMean changeBaselineMean change
Values are mean (SEM).
Results are adjusted for baseline measure, age, gender, body mass index, and ethnicity. V̇o2max, maximum oxygen consumption; TCHOL, total cholesterol; HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol; TCHOL/HDL-C ratio, total cholesterol to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio; SBP, resting systolic blood pressure; DBP, resting diastolic blood pressure.
*p<0.05, †p<0.01 and ‡p<0.001 adjusted mean change at 24 months v baseline.
Body fat (%)31.5 (7.9)−2.39†30.9 (7.2)−1.85†
o2max (ml/kg/min)26.8 (6.3)0.77†28.0 (3.8)1.34†
TCHOL (mmol/l)5.5 (1.1)−0.115.6 (1.1)−0.13*
HDL-C (mmol/l)1.3 (0.4)−0.031.3 (0.4)−0.05*
LDL-C (mmol/l)3.4 (1.0)−0.043.5 (1.0)−0.12*
TCHOL/HDL ratio4.7 (1.7)0.064.9 (1.9)0.20
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.8 (1.1)−0.111.9 (1.2)0.07
SBP (mm Hg)124.0 (12.1)−3.63†126.3 (12.2)−3.26†
DBP (mm Hg)86.5 (8.7)−5.38‡87.7 (7.4)−5.14‡