Table 2

The summary of included studies examining the efficacy of motion control shoe

StudyNType of motion control shoeInterventionControlDesign/materialKinematics measurementMean differenceSDSEMean difference (95% CI)
Butler et al4040Duo midsole materialMotion control shoe (dual midsole material)Neutral shoe (single midsole material)Motion control: New Balance 1122 MC; Neutral: New Balance 1022 NC3D1.100.830.130.28 to 1.93
Cheung and Ng1725Duo midsole materialMotion control shoe (dual midsole material)Neutral shoe (single midsole material)Motion control: Adidas Supernova control; Neutral: Adidas Supernova cushion3D6.503.500.703.00 to 10.00
Clarke et al4110Duo midsole materialMotion control shoe (dual midsole material/wedge)Neutral shoe (single midsole material/no wedge)The wedge angle in the motion control shoe was 30°2D2.703.601.14−0.90 to 6.30
Clarke et al4110Heel flare or wedgeMotion control shoe (wedge)Neutral shoe (no wedge)2D1.503.601.14−2.10 to 5.10
Hamill et al428Duo midsole materialMotion control shoe (dual midsole material)Neutral shoe (single midsole material)Motion control shoe: midsole comprised ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA) and polyurethane; neutral shoe: only made of EVA2D4.873.151.111.72 to 8.02
Kersting and Brüggemann439Duo midsole materialMotion control shoe (dual midsole material)Neutral shoe (single midsole material)Overall shore value of midsole in motion control and neutral shoe were 53 and 35, respectively3D2.104.351.45−2.25 to 6.45
Milani et al4420Heel flare or wedgeMotion control shoe (wedge)Neutral shoe (no wedge)The wedge was formed by height difference between medial and lateral midsole3D5.002.600.582.40 to 7.60
Nigg and Morlock4514Heel flare or wedgeMotion control shoe (wedge)Neutral shoe (no wedge)Same shoe model with or without wedge modification3D1.000.800.210.20 to 1.80
Stacoff et al255Heel flare or wedgeMotion control shoe (wedge)Neutral shoe (no wedge)Motion control shoe: round shape lateral wedge3D (with bone pin markers)0.272.591.16−2.32 to 2.86
van Gheluwe et al930Duo midsole materialMotion control shoe (dual midsole material)Neutral shoe (single midsole material)Motion control: AVIA 2050 MB; Neutral: Nike Air 1803D1.100.750.140.35 to 1.85
  • 2D, 2-dimensional; 3D, 3-dimensional; NR, not reported.