Table 1

Subject characteristics

Rowers (n=20)Non-athletes (n=19)p Value
Values are mean (SE).
Age (years)22.6 (0.5)24.6 (0.8)0.040
Height (cm)181 (1)163 (2)<0.001
Body mass (kg)75.5 (1.5)58.9 (2.4)<0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)23.1 (0.4)22.0 (0.5)0.086
Body fat (%)17.7 (0.6)22.9 (1.1)0.001
Vo2max (ml/min)3995 (93)2166 (135)<0.001
Haemoglobin (g/l)13.4 (0.2)12.9 (0.2)0.116
Packed cell volume (litres)39.1 (0.6)38.0 (0.6)0.248
Vemax (litres/min)146 (4)85.3 (4.5)<0.001
HRmax (beats/min)189 (3)188 (2)0.743
RRmax (breaths/min)60.8 (1.2)47.5 (1.9)<0.001
General wellbeing (total points)68.9 (3.1)80.7 (3.5)0.016