Table 2

Odds ratios for coronary heart disease

Endurance athletes (n=166)Power speed athletes (n=235)Other athletes (n=834)Controls (n=743)
*Odds ratios and p values compared with controls and adjusted for age.
†Odds ratios and p values adjusted for age, occupational group, and smoking status.
‡Odds ratios and p values adjusted for age, occupational group, smoking status, participation in vigorous activity in 1985, physical activity MET index in 1985, and body mass index in 1985.
Coronary heart disease in 1985
n (%)13 (7.8%)36 (15.3)103 (12.4)138 (18.6)
Odds ratio (95% CI)*0.21 (0.11–0.39)0.65 (0.42–0.99)0.56 (0.42–0.75)1.0
p<0.001p=0.041p<0.001
Odds ratio (95% CI)†0.25 (0.13–0.47)0.79 (0.51–1.23)0.65 (0.48–0.89)1.0
p<0.001p=0.29p=0.006
Odds ratio (95% CI)‡0.33 (0.17–0.63)0.79 (0.51–1.24)0.71 (0.52–0.98)1.0
p<0.001p=0.30p=0.032
Coronary heart disease in 1995
n (%)34 (20.5)68 (28.9)182 (21.8)218 (29.3)
Odds ratio (95% CI)*0.38 (0.25–0.59)0.84 (0.60–1.18)0.62 (0.49–0.79)1.0
p<0.001p=0.31p<0.001
Odds ratio (95% CI)†0.45 (0.29–0.71)1.02 (0.72–1.46)0.73 (0.56–0.94)1.0
p<0.001p=0.90p=0.013
Odds ratio (95% CI)‡0.60 (0.38–0.95)1.02 (0.71–1.46)0.80 (0.61–1.03)1.0
p=0.027p=0.93p=0.083