Table 1

Mean maximum transmitted forces (kN) within impacts and direction of impact forces (positive and negative)

Impact siteStandardSample 1Sample 2Sample 3
A−7.56−5.50−6.15−5.12
B+1.28+0.25+0.04−0.10
C−1.45−0.58−0.84−0.75
D+0.35−0.12−0.18−0.19