Table 1

 Subject characteristics: mean (range) for men and women with and without exertional medial tibial pain

EMTP menNon-EMTP menEMTP womenNon-EMTP women
*Significant mean differences (p<0.05) existed between men with and without EMTP presentation:
†p = 0.040; ‡p = 0.014; §p = 0.026; ¶p = 0.000; ††p = 0.042.
‡‡Rear foot alignment: inverted (inv); everted (ev).
ADF, ankle dorsiflexion; Dx, diagnosis; EHR, external hip rotation; EMTP, exertional medial tibial pain; IHR, internal hip rotation; L, left; LCG, lean calf girth; LLD, leg length discrepancy; R, right; RA, rear foot alignment.
N121101125
Dx time (days)46 (9 to 78)118 (9 to 291)
Age (years)18.7 (17.8 to 20.8)18.4 (17.1 to 21.8)18.0 (17.1 to 19.34)18.2 (17.1 to 20.0)
Height (m)1.79 (1.70 to 1.92)1.79 (1.65 to 1.96)1.67 (1.59 to 0.82)1.68 (1.56 to 1.79)
Weight (kg)74.4 (62.0 to 90.0)74.5 (59.0 to 91.0)61.0 (51.0 to 79.6)60.2 (49.0 to 77.2)
BMI23.0 (20.4 to 26.3)21.3 (19.2 to 27.8)21.8 (19.4 to 24.1)21.4 (17.8 to 27.6)
Using orthotics at baseline (yes)2924
Baseline 2.4 km run time (s)561 (512 to 608)584 (495 to 646)769 (727 to 840)708 (579 to 843)
Run time 6 months after baseline (s)570 (508 to 634)576 (460 to 645)733 (673 to 820)701 (568 to 823)
Failed run test5145
LLD (cm)0.0 (0.0 to 1.0)0.3 (0.0 to 2.0)0.0 (0.0 to 0.5)0.34 (0.0 to 1.5)
(R) LCG (mm)*344 (319 to 390)†359 (316 to 429)329 (305 to 385)338 (291 to 380)
(L) LCG (mm)347 (323 to 98)357 (311 to 413)335 (293 to 333)337(298 to 378)
(R) ADF (°)32 (25 to 45)31 (18 to 52)29 (20 to 38)26 (18 to 42)
(L) ADF (°)32 (25 to 42)31 (18 to 48)28 (20 to 35)27 (20 to 40)
(R) RA (°)inv 1 (inv 6 to ev 4)‡‡inv 2 (inv 11 to ev 6)inv 2 (inv 6 to ev 2)inv 3 (inv 8 to ev 4)
(L) RA (°)inv 3 (inv 10 to ev 2)inv 2 (inv 10 to ev 8)inv 1 (inv 6 to ev 4)inv 1 (inv 8 to ev 2)
(R) IHR (°)*48 (32 to 70)‡40 (10 to 64)41 (34 to 52)40 (24 to 54)
(R) EHR (°)*64 (42 to 90)§55 (16 to 88)61 (42 to 76)61 (40 to 76)
(L) IHR (°)*48 (28 to 72)¶36 (10 to 60)40 (24 to 56)39 (26 to 54)
(L) EHR (°)*59 (32 to 86)††51 (18 to 90)58 (32 to 70)55 (32 to 84)