Table 2

‚ÄÉRange of motion of upper extremity (dominant arm)

NormalTennisp
Values are given as mean (SD).
Significant p values are shown in bold.
Shoulder flexion180.0 (0.0)180.0 (0.0)1.000
Shoulder hyperextension54.1 (4.1)57.5 (6.1) 0.000
Shoulder abduction179.8 (2.4)180.0 (0.0)0.317
Shoulder adduction38.9 (7.7)43.3 (3.8) 0.01
Shoulder internal rotation64.4 (7.6)70.6 (2.9) 0.000
Shoulder external rotation84.2 (6.6)89.9 (3.1) 0.000
Elbow flexion144.1 (4.5)133.6 (5.3) 0.000
Forearm supination78.3 (9.7)84.3 (3.0) 0.000
Forearm pronation78.8 (9.3)84.3 (0.2) 0.000
Wrist flexion85.8 (4.4)89.7 (1.7) 0.000
Wrist extension64.6 (5.3)68.9 (4.8) 0.01
Wrist ulnar deviation27.6 (3.2)29.2 (6.9) 0.009
Wrist radial deviation18.8 (1.3)20.0 (0.0) 0.006