Table 2

 Correlation between punch dynamics and risk of injury parameters

WeightPunch forceHand velocityEffective massForce to jaw†HICLinear accelerationHead velocityRotational acceleration
*p<0.05, **p<0.01; number of observations was 15.
n = 18, except as noted; the calculation is based on a two tailed significance test.
Weight0.539*−0.0710.484*0.561*0.672**0.4320.555*0.524*
Punch force0.539*−0.4000.661**0.736**0.886**0.961**0.806**0.528*
Hand velocity−0.071−0.400−0.758−0.348−0.369−0.416−0.519*0.170
Effective mass0.484*0.661*−0.758*0.4760.618*0.589*0.774*0.280
Force to jaw0.561*0.736**−0.3480.4760.631**0.621**0.580*0.500
HIC0.672**0.886**−0.3690.618**0.631**0.862**0.829**0.372
Linear acceleration0.4320.961**−0.4160.589**0.621**0.862**0.769**0.425
Head velocity0.555*0.806**−0.519*0.774**0.580*0.829**0.769**0.361
Rotational acceleration0.524*0.528*0.1700.2800.5000.3720.4250.361