Table 3

‚ÄÉChances that an individual swimmer would show a beneficial, trivial, or harmful change in competitive performance after reporting symptoms of illness

BeneficialTrivialHarmful
Values are mean (90% confidence interval).
Female swimmers32 (20 to 52)31 (14 to 35)37 (21 to 59)
Male swimmers17 (10 to 34)30 (16 to 43)53 (33 to 69)