Table 2

 Changes in body composition, strength, anaerobic power, and mobility in the three groups after resistance training and detraining

VariableBaselineAfter training% change from baseline4 months detraining% change from after training8 months detraining% change from after training12 months detraining% change from after training
Values are mean (SD).
*Significant difference from last measurement (p<0.05).
†Significant difference from baseline (p<0.05).
‡Significant difference between C and LIST (p<0.05).
§Significant difference between C and HIST (p<0.05).
¶Significant difference from LIST (p<0.05).
C, Control group; LIST, low intensity training group; HIST, high intensity training group; TUG, timed up and go test.
Body weight (kg)
    C81.3 (4.9)82.0 (6.1)‡§81.8 (4.1)‡§82.3 (3.9)§82.5 (7.4)
    LIST81.9 (5.1)80.3 (4.7)†‡1.981.2 (6.4)*†‡56.282.2 (4.4)82.6 (8.1)
    HIST82.1 (5.1)79.3 (4.6)*§¶3.479.9 (4.2)*†§¶27.280.6 (6.2)*†§¶59.081.0 (7.7)*¶77.2
Sum of skinfolds (mm)
    C131.5 (8.0)131.9 (9.5)‡§131.7 (7.1)‡§132.8 (8.6)§134.1 (10.1)
    LIST131.3 (7.1)129.2 (5.1)†‡1.6130.2 (7.9)*†‡28.5131.5 (9.9)*132.0 (13.2)
    HIST132.0 (7.4)128.6 (9.7)†§¶2.5129.2 (8.6)†§¶17.6130.4 (5.9)*†§¶52.9131.6 (12.4)*
Thigh skinfold (mm)
    C27.5 (6.4)27.1 (7.2)‡§27.9 (3.6)‡§27.7 (4.9)§8.5 (4.8)
    LIST25.8 (8.5)24.0 (4.0)†‡7.024.9 (3.2)*†‡50.025.6 (6.9)‡26.1 (3.9)
    HIST25.9 (7.2)23.3 (3.8)†‡§¶10.023.8 (4.0)†§¶19.224.3 (5.3)†§¶38.425.3 (2.8)*
Thigh circumference (cm)
    C55.3 (4.8)54.9 (6.3)55.8 (7.2)55.6 (5.5)55.1 (6.2)
    LIST54.4 (3.8)54.6 (7.1)54.6 (6.9)54.5 (6.0)54.9 (7.6)
    HIST54.9 (8.1)55.2 (9.1)55.5 (9.1)54.9 (8.8)55.0 (6.2)
Chest press 1RM (kg)
    C29.8 (4.6)29.2 (6.3)‡§30.3 (7.1)‡§29.4 (3.9)27.8 (6.8)
    LIST27.4 (3.5)45.5 (6.2)†‡66.034.7 (3.8)*†‡59.630.1 (7.8)*25.9 (4.9)*
    HIST28.2 (5.1)53.8 (7.4)†§¶90.745.5 (6.1)*†§¶32.439.8 (5.5)*†§¶54.634.6 (4.6)*†§¶75.0
Leg press 1RM (kg)
    C55.9 (6.4)56.4 (8.5)‡§55.1 (7.0)‡§54.7 (6.9)‡§54.1 (9.1)§
    LIST53.8 (4.8)76.8 (9.4)†‡42.763.7 (7.2)*†‡56.957.1 (6.0)*52.2 (7.9)*
    HIST56.2 (5.2)91.7 (8.2)†§¶63.182.8 (9.1)*†§¶25.075.3 (7.3)*†§¶46.169.7 (8.8)*†§¶61.9
Peak power (W/l)
    C72.4 (10.3)70.5 (11.9)‡§71.4 (7.6)‡§68.8 (10.6)‡§67.1 (12.8)
    LIST68.8 (16.4)75.9 (8.1)†‡10.367.4 (9.2)*77.469.1 (14.2)66.4 (9.2)
    HIST67.8 (12.8)82.1 (9.7)†§¶25.575.8 (11.1)*†§¶42.571.9 (8.5)†§¶71.364.9 (12.7)*
Mean power (W/l)
    C59.4 (8.2)57.5 (6.5)‡§57.1 (9.1)§55.6 (7.6)§54.9 (9.4)§
    LIST56.8 (7.9)62.4 (5.8)†‡9.857.0 (8.8)*96.455.4 (9.1)53.7 (10.5)
    HIST55.3 (5.1)64.7 (6.4)†§¶16.960.5 (2.7)†§¶44.657.1 (9.8)53.8 (9.6)
TUG (s)
    C7.8 (2.3)7.9 (2.6)‡§7.7 (1.8)‡§7.9 (1.9)§8.0 (2.6)§
    LIST7.7 (2.1)7.2 (1.8)†‡6.57.4 (0.8)†‡40.07.6 (2.0)7.9 (1.9)*
    HIST8.2 (0.9)7.1 (1.1)†§¶13.47.2 (1.3)†§¶9.07.3 (1.7)†§¶18.17.7 (1.6)*†§¶54.5
Walking (s)
    C11.8 (2.9)11.7 (2.2)‡§11.7 (1.9)‡§11.9 (3.1)§11.8 (3.6)§
    LIST11.6 (1.9)11.0 (2.5)†‡5.111.3 (2.0)*†‡50.011.5 (3.2)11.7 (1.6)
    HIST12.0 (3.0)10.9 (1.7)†§¶9.111.1 (2.5)†§¶18.111.2 (2.4)†§¶27.211.6 (2.1)*†§¶63.6
Stepping up (s)
    C5.9 (1.1)6.1 (1.4)‡§6.1 (1.0)§6.0 (2.2)§6.2 (1.4)§
    LIST6.1 (1.8)5.7 (1.3)†‡6.56.1 (1.9)*6.2 (2.0)6.0 (2.8)
    HIST6.3 (2.1)5.5 (0.9)†§¶12.65.7 (1.2)†§¶25.05.8 (1.8)†§¶38.06.0 (1.3)†§¶63.0
Stepping down (s)
    C5.5 (0.8)5.7 (2.2)‡§5.5 (0.7)§5.6 (1.7)§5.8 (0.6)
    LIST5.8 (3.1)5.4 (1.6)†‡6.95.7 (0.9)*5.9 (1.9)6.0 (1.2)
    HIST5.8 (2.0)5.0 (2.0)†§¶13.75.1 (1.3)†§¶12.55.4 (1.5)†§¶50.05.6 (0.7)