Table 1

 Overview of electromyographic studies on golf swing

StudyMuscles examined by study
EMG, Electromyography.
Bulbulian et al2Lumbar, external oblique, latissimus dorsi, and right pectoral bilaterally
Watkins et al3Abdominal oblique, gluteus maximus, erector spinae, upper rectus abdominis, and lower rectus abdominis bilaterally
Bechler et al4Seven hip and knee muscles of both the left (lead) and right (trail) leg
Kao et al5Levator scapulae, trapezius, serratus anterior, rhomboids bilaterally
Glazebrook et al14Flexor and extensor muscles of the forearm
Pink et al6Abdominal oblique and erector spinae muscles bilaterally
Glousman11Review of EMG in sports
Bradley and Tibone12EMG on shoulder
Pink et al7EMG analysis of the shoulder in swing
Jobe et al8Pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, anterior, middle, and posterior deltoids
Moynes et al9Review of the results of studies
Jobe et al10Supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus, latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, middle deltoid, and posterior deltoid on right side