Table 3

 Physical and physiological characteristics of footballers and runners

CharacteristicFootballersRunners
Data are mean (SD).
Significantly different from runners, *p<0.01, **p<0.001, ***p<0.0001.
Age (years)21.2 (1.1)22.8 (2.8)
Height (cm)188 (4.8)*176.3 (8.9)
Mass (kg)116.6 (16.3)**71.2 (8.9)
Surface area (m2)2.414 (0.157)**1.872 (0.163)
Surface area/mass (m2/kg)0.0209 (0.0017)0.0264 (0.0012)**
Body fat (%)17.9 (5.5)**6.98 (1.5)
Lean body mass (kg)95.5 (9.6)***66.1 (7.8)
Vo2max (ml/kg/min)44.7 (9.4)***71.3 (6.2)