Table 1

 Changes in functional fitness after training and detraining in two groups of elderly subjects

TestYoung-old group (n  =  12)Old group (n  =  9)
TrainingDetrainingTrainingDetraining
Pre-Post-6 weeks52 weeksPre-Post-6 weeks52 weeks
Values are mean (SD). Young-old group, aged 60–73 years; old group, aged 74–86 years.
*p<0.008, group effect, repeated measures analysis of variance.
†Significant difference v baseline, p<0.013.
‡Significant difference v post-training, p<0.013.
§Significant difference 6 weeks v 52 weeks detraining, p<0.013.
rep, Number of repetitions.
8 foot up and go (s)6.3 (1.3)4.6 (0.8)†5.4 (0.7)†‡6.6 (1.6)‡7.2 (1.5)5.2 (1)†6.5 (0.9)‡7.1 (1.5)‡
Chair stand (rep)10.0 (1.3)19.5 (4.9)†15.7 (2.6)†‡11.2 (1.8) ‡§10.6 (2)18.1 (3.5)†13.2 (1.9)†‡10 (1.5)‡§
Arm curl (rep)17.3 (1.7)22.8 (3.6)†19.9 (2.4)‡15.8 (3.5)‡§17.4 (3.5)22.1 (2.6)†18.1 (1.7)‡12.3 (2.1) †‡§
Six minute walk (m)482.8 (53.6)567.2 (56.8)†543 (54.9)†‡432.9 (72.1)‡§447 (80.4)493.6 (87.4)†452.9 (81.6)‡349.5 (67.6)*†‡
Chair sit and reach (cm)−9.5 (15.1)3.9 (8.1)†−4.7 (10.2)‡−8 (11.4)‡−21.1 (5.4)−8.8 (9.3)†−16 (7.2)‡−18.9 (8)‡
Back scratch (cm)−10.7 (10.8)−5.8 (8.6)†−9.6 (8.6)‡−14.3 (12.4)‡−20.6 (12.5)−15.9 (11.7)†−19.4 (11.4)‡−18.9 (10.9)‡