Table 4

 Pathological changes involving the proximal humeral physis in baseball players

StudyNo of subjectsAge rangeRadiographic changes involving the proximal humeral physis
Dotter93112Physeal widening, adjacent osteoporosis
Adams94513–15Accelerated growth and physeal widening, demineralisation, and apparent fragmentation without aseptic necrosis
Torg95112Physeal widening
Cahill961Physeal widening with metaphyseal bone separation
Tullos97112Osteochondritis with abundant callus formation
Hansen99114Physeal widening
Albert1011Physeal widening
Carson1022311–16Radiographic widening of the proximal humeral growth plate
Ricci1031Physeal widening
Flemming104112Physeal widening