Table 4

 Incidence (injuries/1000 player match hours) of match injuries on artificial turf and grass for male and female players as a function of injury location

Injury locationMale playersFemale players
Incidence (95% CI)Incidence ratio(95% CI)p Value(z test)Incidence (95% CI)Incidence ratio(95% CI)p Value(z test)
Artificial turfGrassArtificial turfGrass
Head/neck4.31 (3.03 to 6.13)2.37 (1.86 to 3.02)1.82 (1.18 to 2.78)<0.012.57 (1.62 to 4.08)3.41 (2.86 to 4.06)0.75 (0.46 to 1.24)0.26
Upper limbs1.67 (0.95 to 2.94)1.51 (1.12 to 2.04)1.10 (0.58 to 2.10)0.791.57 (0.87 to 2.84)1.50 (1.16 to 1.95)1.05 (0.55 to 2.00)0.89
Trunk2.36 (1.47 to 3.80)3.88 (3.22 to 4.69)0.61 (0.36 to 1.01)0.061.57 (0.87 to 2.84)2.12 (1.70 to 2.64)0.74 (0.39 to 1.39)0.35
Lower limbs17.10 (14.33 to 20.40)16.11 (14.69 to 17.68)1.06 (0.87 to 1.30)0.5613.43 (10.98 to 16.44)14.76 (13.58 to 16.05)0.91 (0.73 to 1.13)0.40
    Hip/groin1.11 (0.56 to 2.22)2.34 (1.83 to 2.98)0.48 (0.23 to 0.99)0.051.00 (0.48 to 2.10)0.91 (0.65 to 1.28)1.10 (0.49 to 2.47)0.83
    Thigh4.73 (3.38 to 6.61)3.92 (3.25 to 4.73)1.21 (0.82 to 1.77)0.342.43 (1.51 to 3.91)2.28 (1.84 to 2.82)1.06 (0.63 to 1.79)0.81
    Knee3.75 (2.57 to 5.47)3.09 (2.50 to 3.82)1.21 (0.79 to 1.87)0.384.86 (3.47 to 6.80)4.94 (4.27 to 5.71)0.98 (0.68 to 1.42)0.93
    Lower leg1.67 (0.95 to 2.94)2.16 (1.68 to 2.78)0.77 (0.42 to 1.44)0.421.43 (0.72 to 2.66)1.83 (1.44 to 2.31)0.78 (0.40 to 1.52)0.47
    Ankle4.59 (3.26 to 6.45)4.57 (3.84 to 5.44)1.00 (0.68 to 1.47)0.983.00 (1.96 to 4.60)4.21 (3.60 to 4.93)0.71 (0.45 to 1.12)0.14
    Foot2.36 (1.47 to 3.80)2.37 (1.86 to 3.02)1.00 (0.58 to 1.70)0.981.72 (0.97 to 3.02)1.50 (1.16 to 1.95)1.14 (0.61 to 2.13)0.68