Table 6

 Distribution of match injuries as a function of location and type of injury for male and female players on artificial turf and grass

Artificial turf, % (95% CI)Grass, % (95% CI)
Head/neckUpper limbTrunkLower limbAllHead/neckUpper limbTrunkLower limbAll
Male players
    Fracture/bone stress1.1 (0 to 2.6)2.2 (0.1 to 4.3)0.0 (–)2.2 (0.1 to 4.3)5.5 (2.2 to 8.8)1.4 (0.5 to 2.2)0.9 (0.2 to 1.6)0.5 (0 to 1.0)2.4 (1.2 to 3.6)5.1 (3.4 to 6.8)
    Joint (non-bone)/ligament/cartilage0.0 (–)3.3 (0.7 to 5.9)1.6 (0 to 3.5)29.5 (22.9 to 36.1)34.4 (27.5 to 41.3)0.0 (–)3.8 (2.3 to 5.2)0.5 (0 to 1.0)27.2 (23.8 to 30.6)31.4 (27.9 to 35.0)
    Muscle/tendon0.0 (–)0.5 (0 to 1.6)4.9 (1.8 to 8.1)16.9 (11.5 to 22.4)22.4 (16.4 to 28.4)0.3 (0 to 0.7)0.5 (0 to 1.0)10.8 (8.5 to 13.2)15.5 (12.7 to 18.2)27.1 (23.7 to 30.4)
    Contusion0.0 (–)0.5 (0 to 1.6)2.7 (0.4 to 5.1)17.5 (12.0 to 23.0)20.8 (14.9 to 26.6)0.5 (0 to 1.0)0.9 (0.2 to 1.6)4.1 (2.6 to 5.6)21.1 (18.0 to 24.2)26.5 (23.1 to 29.8)
    Laceration/skin lesion6.0 (2.6 to 9.5)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)1.1 (0 to 2.6)7.1 (3.4 to 10.8)1.8 (0.8 to 2.8)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)0.8 (0.1 to 1.4)2.6 (1.4 to 3.8)
    Central/peripheral nervous system9.3 (5.1 to 13.5)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)9.3 (5.1 to 13.5)5.7 (4.0 to 7.5)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)5.9 (4.1 to 7.7)
    All16.9 (11.5 to 22.4)6.6 (3.0 to 10.1)9.3 (5.1 to 13.5)67.2 (60.4 to 74.0)1009.9 (7.7 to 12.2)6.3 (4.5 to 8.2)16.2 (13.4 to 19.0)67.4 (63.8 to 70.9)100
Female players
    Fracture/bone stress0.0 (–)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)3.7 (0.5 to 6.9)3.7 (0.5 to 6.9)1.5 (0.6 to 2.3)1.7 (0.8 to 2.6)0.4 (0 to 0.8)3.9 (2.6 to 5.3)7.5 (5.7 to 9.3)
    Joint (non bone)/ligament/cartilage0.0 (–)5.2 (1.5 to 9.0)0.7 (0 to 2.2)34.3 (26.3 to 42.4)40.3 (32.0 to 48.6)0.2 (0 to 0.6)3.2 (2.0 to 4.4)1.4 (0.6 to 2.1)36.8 (33.5 to 40.1)41.6 (38.2 to 45.0)
    Muscle/tendon0.7 (0 to 2.2)0.7 (0 to 2.2)3.7 (0.5 to 6.9)13.4 (7.7 to 19.2)18.7 (12.1 to 25.3)0.9 (0.2 to 1.5)0.9 (0.2 to 1.5)3.1 (1.9 to 4.3)9.7 (7.7 to 11.8)14.5 (12.1 to 17.0)
    Contusion0.7 (0 to 2.2)2.2 (0 to 4.7)3.0 (0.1 to 5.9)17.9 (11.4 to 24.4)23.9 (16.7 to 31.1)1.4 (0.6 to 2.1)1.1 (0.4 to 1.8)4.2 (2.8 to 5.6)16.5 (13.9 to 19.1)23.2 (20.3 to 26.1)
    Laceration/skin lesion1.5 (0 to 3.5)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)1.5 (0 to 3.5)0.9 (0.2 to 1.5)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)0.2 (0 to 0.6)1.1 (0.4 to 1.8)
    Central/peripheral nervous system10.4 (5.3 to 15.6)0.0 (–)0.0 (–)0.7 (0 to 2.2)11.2 (5.9 to 16.5)10.1 (8.0 to 12.2)0.0 (–)0.1 (0 to 0.4)0.4 (0 to 0.8)10.6 (8.5 to 12.7)
    All13.4 (7.7 to 19.2)8.2 (3.6 to 12.9)8.2 (3.6 to 12.9)70.1 (62.4 to 77.9)10015.6 (13.1 to 18.1)6.9 (5.2 to 8.6)9.7 (7.7 to 11.8)67.7 (64.5 to 70.9)100