Table 4 Results of the spiroergometic study before and after exercise training*
PretrainingPost-training
Group AGroup BGroup AGroup B
VO2peak (ml/min/kg)24.7 (4.6)† (17.0–31.6)29.0 (5.3) (18.4–36.4)29.1 (4.7)‡ (21.6–37.4)32.2 (7.7)‡ (20.6–45.6)
Vemax (litres/min)61.0 (20.7) (34.5–107.0)74.7 (20.4) (53.7–112.6)70.5 (20.7) (39–115)85.5 (22.5)‡ (54.2–112.6)
Test duration (min)23.9 (4.2) (15.5–29.2)25.8 (4.8) (11.5–31.9)26.1 (3.4)‡ (18.5–30.9)28.2 (3.3)‡ (20.7–33.1)
Resting heart rate (bpm)85.8 (6)† (74–98)73.9 (6.6) (64–87)74.8 (6.4)†,‡ (64–87)68.0 (7.6)‡ (57–83)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)124.7 (9.9)† (110–140)117.3 (10.7) (100–135)117.1 (7.3)‡ (100–130)116.8 (9.4) (100–135)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)80.5 (6.5) (70–95)76.3 (7.4) (60–85)76.5 (6.6) (60–85)76.2 (6.1) (70–90)
Heart rate peak (bpm)165.4 (12.6) (136–184)167.6 (19.9) (141–210)169.3 (16.7) (141–212)177.7 (27.6)‡ (149–254)
Systolic pressure max (mm Hg)193.4 (21.3) (160–230)183.3 (24.9) (140–230)187.4 (24.2) (140–230)187.2 (19.5) (160–220)
Diastolic pressure max (mm Hg)73.4 (9.1) (50–80)74.3 (14.5) (50–100)67.4 (9.0) (50–80)64.5 (8.2)‡ (50–80)
  • *Values given are the mean (SD) and range.

  • †p<0.05 group A versus B.

  • ‡p<0.05 pretraining versus post-training.