Table 7 Symptoms experienced by players
SymptomsAll athletes (%, n = 278)*No headgear (%, n = 216)Headgear (%, n = 52)
Loss of consciousness6.5 (18/278)6.9 (15/216)5.8 (3/52)
Confusion/disorientation23.7 (66/278)26.4 (57/216)17.3 (9/52)
Headache34.2 (95/278)39.4 (85/216)17.3 (9/52)
Dizziness/balance problems16.9 (47/278)17.1 (37/216)15.4 (8/52)
Memory difficulties2.2 (6/278)2.3 (5/216)1.9 (1/52)
Blurred/abnormal vision7.9 (22/278)8.3 (18/216)3.8 (2/52)
Nausea4.7 (13/278)5.1 (11/216)3.8 (2/52)
Hearing abnormalities2.9 (8/278)3.2 (7/216)0
Other†1.1 (3/278)1.4 (3/216)0
  • *10 athletes overall and 5 who sustained a concussion could not reliably be classified as wearing or not wearing headgear.

  • †Other included “seeing stars”, “pressure behind the eyes” and “being out of control and unable to make my body perform”.