Table 1 Characteristics of the study population
VariableControls (n = 25)Hypertensive (n = 40)Athletes (n = 45)
Age (years)43.4 (3.2)44.8 (3.2)44.2 (3.4)
BSA (m2)1.89 (0.4)1.91 (0.6)1.92 (0.5)
HR (beats/min)77.9 (7.9)79 (9.9)69.1 (4.4)*
Systolic BP (mm Hg)125.9 (6.1)151.9 (19.1)†130.8 (9.1)
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)82.7 (3.0)96.9 (6.0)†80.7 (4.9)
  • BP, blood pressure; BSA, body surface area; HR, heart rate.

  • *p<0.01: Athletes versus controls and patients with hypertension.

  • †p<0.001: Patients with hypertension versus controls and athletes.