Table 1 Logistic regression models illustrating risk factors for fall-related, overuse and strenuous move-related rock climbing injuries*
Risk factorOR for injury (95% CI)
FallsOveruseStrenuous moves
Age (years)†0.99 (0.95 to 1.03)0.98 (0.96 to 1.01)0.98 (0.96 to 1.01)
Sex (male)‡1.01 (0.32 to 3.20)1.05 (0.50 to 2.22)1.04 (0.47 to 2.26)
Climbing experience (y)0.74 (0.49 to 1.11)1.11 (0.83 to 1.49)1.00 (0.74 to 1.35)
Soloing frequency1.10 (0.56 to 2.17)1.79 (1.14 to 2.83)1.04 (0.66 to 1.65)
Soloing grade1.10 (0.30 to 4.03)1.66 (0.73 to 3.76)1.07 (0.45 to 2.54)
Traditional lead frequency1.01 (0.51 to 2.02)1.49 (0.94 to 2.38)1.21 (0.75 to 1.93)
Traditional lead grade1.15 (0.92 to 1.45)1.25 (1.07 to 1.46)1.04 (0.90 to 1.21)
Sport lead frequency0.93 (0.54 to 1.60)1.49 (1.05 to 2.13)1.10 (0.77 to 1.58)
Sport lead grade1.47 (1.04 to 2.09)1.28 (1.05 to 1.56)1.00 (0.84 to 1.20)
Indoor lead frequency0.97 (0.76 to 1.23)1.21 (1.03 to 1.42)1.06 (0.90 to 1.24)
Indoor lead grade1.10 (0.86 to 1.40)1.42 (1.17 to 1.71)1.12 (0.95 to 1.32)
Bouldering frequency1.04 (0.83 to 1.30)1.24 (1.07 to 1.43)1.04 (0.90 to 1.22)
Bouldering grade1.02 (0.78 to 1.33)1.42 (1.16 to 1.73)1.24 (1.02 to 1.50)
  • *Adjusted for sex and age in years.

  • †Adjusted for sex only.

  • ‡Adjusted for age in years only.