Table 1

Blood pressure, heart rate, blood lipoproteins, muscle capillaries and exercise response before and after 4 and 12 weeks of soccer practice (SO, n = 12) and running (RU, n = 10, except LDL cholesterol, n = 9) for untrained men, or continuation of an inactive life-style (CO, n = 10; except capillaries, n = 8)

SOSOSORURURUCOCO
0 weeks4 weeks12 weeks0 weeks4 weeks12 weeks0 weeks12 weeks
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)130 (2)128 (2)122 (2)*†131 (4)134 (3)123 (3)*†129 (2)127 (3)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)77 (2)76 (3)72 (2)*81 (3)79 (2)76 (2)*74 (3)76 (3)
Resting heart rate (beats/min)61 (2)58 (2)55 (1)*59 (2)56 (2)53 (2)*60 (3)61 (3)
Fasting total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.0 (0.2)4.0 (0.2)3.8 (0.2)4.1 (0.3)4.1 (0.2)3.8 (0.4)4.1 (0.2)4.1 (0.3)
Fasting HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.3 (0.1)1.4 (0.1)1.4 (0.1)1.2 (0.1)1.3 (0.2)1.3 (0.1)1.3 (0.1)1.4 (0.1)
Fasting LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.7 (0.2)2.5 (0.2)2.3 (0.2)*2.5 (0.2)2.6 (0.3)2.4 (0.3)2.7 (0.2)2.7 (0.2)
Muscle capillaries (cap/fibre)1.76 (0.11)2.01 (0.12)2.15 (0.12)*1.83 (0.10)2.02 (0.12)2.09 (0.12)*2.18 (0.08)2.29 (0.05)
Exercise response
Heart rate at 9.5 km/h (beats/min)176 (5)159 (5)*156 (4)*167 (5)150 (5)*146 (5)*168 (6)168 (5)
Blood lactate at 9.5 km/h (mmol/l)4.7 (0.8)3.3 (0.4)*1.9 (0.3)*†4.9 (0.9)3.2 (0.4)*2.5 (0.6)*4.2 (0.9)4.0 (0.7)
RER at 9.5 km/h0.99 (0.02)0.92 (0.02)*0.93 (0.03)*0.97 (0.03)0.92 (0.02)0.93 (0.03)0.99 (0.04)1.00 (0.02)
Maximal oxygen uptake (ml/min/kg)39.6 (1.5)42.2 (1.0)*44.6 (1.1)*†39.3 (2.5)41.6 (2.0)*42.2 (1.8)*39.2 (2.7)38.9 (2.4)
Peak ventilation (l/min)126 (5)135 (4)143 (5)*128 (5)137 (4)142 (5)*138 (4)139 (5)
  • Means (SEM) are presented.

  • *Significant difference from 0 weeks. †Significant difference from 4 weeks.