Table 2

List of included longitudinal studies with quality scores with reference to predictive value of physical fitness for CVD risk factors and disease in children and adolescents

StudyFitness dimensionSelection of populationDescription of outcomeFollow-up timeConfounder adjustmentRisk estimatesTotal score
Low-quality studies
Eisenmann et al49Cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition011002
McGavock et al37Cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition110002
Monyeki et al38Cardiorespiratory, motor and musculoskeletal fitness110002
Raitakari et al50Body composition101002
High-quality studies
Andersen et al20Cardiorespiratory fitness111003
Hasselstrom et al18Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness111003
Psarra et al21Cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition110013
Twisk et al19Cardiorespiratory fitness111003
Srinivasan et al22Body composition111003
Barnekow-Bergkvist et al23Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness111014
Boreham et al26Cardiorespiratory fitness111104
Garnett et al39Body composition111014
Janz et al25Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness111104
Johnson et al24Cardiorespiratory fitness111104
McMurray et al27Cardiorespiratory fitness111014
Pietilainen et al17Self-perceived physical fitness111014
Carnethon et al30Cardiorespiratory fitness111115
Boreham et al29Cardiorespiratory fitness111115
Byrd-Williams et al34Cardiorespiratory fitness111115
Ferreira et al31Cardiorespiratory fitness111115
Ferreira et al33Cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition111115
Koutedakis et al32Cardiorespiratory fitness110115
Twisk et al28Cardiorespiratory, motor and musculoskeletal fitness111115
Baker et al44Body composition111115
Bjorge et al53Body composition111115
Engeland et al54Body composition111115
Franks et al48Body composition111115
Gunnell et al51Body composition111115
Juonala et al40Body composition111115
Juonala et al41Body composition111115
Lawlor and Leon45Body composition111115
Lawlor et al46Body composition111115
Must et al52Body composition111115
Oren et al47Body composition111115
Raitakari et al4Body composition111115
Sivanandam et al43Body composition111115
van Lenthe et al42Body composition111115