Table 4

List of included prospective cohort studies with quality scores with reference to predictive value of physical fitness for low back pain in children and adolescents

StudyFitness dimensionSelection of populationDescription of outcomeFollow-up timeConfounder adjustmentRisk estimatesTotal score
High-quality studies
Kujala et al55Musculoskeletal fitness111003
Barnekow-Bergkvist et al56Musculoskeletal and motor fitness111014
Burton et al57Musculoskeletal fitness111014
Mikkelsson et al60Musculoskeletal fitness and body composition111115
Hestbaek et al59Body composition111115