Table 2

Number and percentage of referees reporting musculoskeletal problems

Location of problemsMatch referees (n = 30)Assistant referees (n = 51)
Last match, n (%)Previous 12 months, n (%)Entire career, n (%)Last match, n (%)Previous 12 months, n (%)Entire career, n (%)
Head3 (10.0)10 (33.3)11 (36.6)4 (7.8)12 (23.5)12 (23.5)
Neck2 (6.6)3 (10.0)3 (5.9)8 (15.7)9 (17.6)
Low back2 (6.6)3 (10.0)7 (23.3)3 (5.9)14 (27.4)14 (27.4)
Hip3 (10.0)4 (13.3)4 (13.3)3 (5.9)3 (5.9)5 (9.8)
Groin4 (13.3)3 (5.9)6 (11.8)
Adductors1 (3.3)3 (10.0)4 (7.8)12 (23.5)12 (23.5)
Quadriceps2 (6.6)3 (10.0)5 (16.6)2 (3.9)10 (19.6)10 (19.6)
Hamstring3 (10.0)8 (26.6)9 (30.0)7 (13.7)19 (37.3)19 (37.3)
Knee1 (3.3)1 (3.3)7 (23.3)3 (5.9)12 (23.5)12 (23.5)
Patellar tendon2 (6.6)2 (6.6)5 (16.6)2 (3.9)5 (9.8)5 (9.8)
Calf4 (13.3)9 (30.0)10 (33.3)4 (7.8)14 (27.4)14 (27.4)
Achilles tendon2 (6.6)4 (13.3)7 (23.3)2 (3.9)7 (13.7)7 (13.7)
Ankle2 (6.6)3 (10.0)8 (26.6)2 (3.9)6 (11.8)8 (15.7)
Others*1 (3.3)4 (13.3)4 (13.3)3 (5.9)4 (7.8)4 (7.8)
  • *Including shin splints and heel pain.