Table 1

Basic characteristics for elite athletes and non-athletes

Elite athletesNon-athletesp Value*p Value†
AsthmaNon-asthmaAsthmaNon-asthma
Subjects, n19352235
Sex (M:F)11:825:1017:511:24NS<0.01
Age, years24.0 (0.75)25.1 (0.70)27.8 (0.83)20.4 (0.33)<0.01<0.001
Current smoker, n (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)7 (20.0)NS<0.05‡
FEV1, litres4.37 (0.19)4.91 (0.15)3.73 (0.14)3.87 (0.13)<0.01<0.001
FEV1, % predicted98.2 (1.94)105.4 (2.10)82.6 (2.63)96.9 (1.82)<0.001<0.01
FVC, litres5.51 (0.30)5.85 (0.19)5.06 (0.25)4.50 (0.17)NS<0.001
FVC, % predicted106.2 (2.17)107.8 (2.45)95.2 (3.06)97.9 (2.01)<0.01<0.01
FEV1/FVC ratio, %80.4 (1.71)84.5 (1.30)75.1 (1.95)86.5 (0.97)0.052NS
  • Asthma = subjects with doctor-diagnosed asthma. Data are given as mean (standard error of the mean (SEM)) unless otherwise stated.

  • *Between elite and non-elite patients with asthma; †between elite and non-elite patients without asthma; ‡Fisher exact test.

  • FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 s; FVC; forced vital capacity.