Table 4

Sputum differential cell count

Asthma subjects*p Value†
Elite athletes (n = 20)Non-athletes (n = 22)
Usable samples, n (%)13 (65)13 (59)NS
Total cell count430 (248–1307)518 (212–1252)0.28
Eosinophils, %0.8 (0–4.8)6.0 (0–18.5)<0.01
Neutrophils, %39.3 (2.8–89.0)23.5 (0–98.0)0.32
Lymphocytes, %1.5 (0–6.0)1.8 (0–14.1)0.84
Macrophages, %39.8 (2.5–87.3)43.0 (0.5–87.5)0.72
Bronchial epithelial cells, %7.8 (0.3–38.8)8.5 (0.5–45.5)0.79
  • Data is shown as median (range).

  • *Subjects with doctor-diagnosed asthma and/or current asthma; †Mann–Whitney test (athletes vs non-athletes).

  • NS, not significant.